What Is A Luteal Phase And How It Is Related To Pregnancy?

Luteal Phase And Pregnancy

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Are you planning to conceive? Do you know what is the Luteal phase? Are you aware of its importance for your pregnancy? Don’t worry if you aren’t! Read our post and learn all about the Luteal phase and pregnancy here.

What Is A Luteal Phase?

The Luteal phase or days past ovulation or DPO phase begins at the time of ovulation and ends on the day before the next period starts. The Luteal phase lasts for about fourteen days and gets its name from the Corpus Luteum or yellow body in Latin. The Corpus Luteum is a structure that grows on the surface of the ovaries where the mature egg is released during ovulation. Corpus Luteum or yellow body produces progesterone hormone that is essential for pregnancy. The Luteal phase should last for at least 10 days to sustain a pregnancy.

[ Read: Cervical Mucus And Ovulation ]

Why Is It Important?

The Luteal phase is important because its length determines the ovulation time during the menstrual cycle. The length of the Luteal phase remain

s more or less constant. However, ovulation can be delayed due to many reasons. Some of the reasons for the delay include:

  • Stress
  • Due to excessive activity
  • Some medication also delays ovulation

Can You Get Pregnant During Luteal Phase?

The Luteal phase helps determine ovulation. The formula that helps to calculate the time of ovulation in the ovulation calendar is:

  • Time of ovulation = Length of menstrual cycle-Length of Luteal Phase.
  • If your cycle lasts 28 days and your Luteal phase lasts 14 days; then the ovulation will occur on the 14th day of your cycle i.e. 28-14=14.
  • If your Luteal phase is shorter than twelve days, it can be dangerous, as the body does not produce enough progesterone to sustain a pregnancy, as the Corpus Luteum dies before twelve days.

You can plan your pregnancy by calculating the day of your ovulation.

[ Read: When Do Women Get Pregnant Easily ]

Determining The Length Of Your Luteal Phase:

To know the exact length of your Luteal phase, go for a blood test. Such tests are hormone specific and help determine the accurate length of the phase. If you do not know the exact length of your Luteal phase, then assume it as fourteen days, which is the common duration for many females.

Changes In The Body During Luteal Phase:

When the level of the hormone progesterone increases, it triggers some common symptoms, like:

  • Breasts and nipples become tender.
  • PMS symptoms viz. Mood swings, irritability, etc.

[ Read: Is It Possible To Ovulate More Than Once A Month ]

Luteal Phase And Pregnancy:

When the sperm and egg fertilize they form a zygote. The zygote or fertilized egg attaches itself to the wall of the womb called endometrium and becomes the baby in the future. At this point, a woman is said to be pregnant.

During your Luteal phase, if you have a low progesterone level, then you will face difficulties sustaining a pregnancy. It can happen even if your Luteal phase is healthy and of normal length. If the endometrium does not respond to the progesterone level, the uterus lining does not become thick enough to sustain a pregnancy, or there will be complications.

[ Read: When Is The Best Time To Get Pregnant ]

What Is A Luteal Phase Defect?

A Luteal phase defect pregnancy occurs due to the following reasons:

  • If your ovaries do not release enough progesterone.
  • The lining of the uterus does not grow properly to sustain the pregnancy (1).

A Normal Luteal Phase Pregnancy:

Altering your eating pattern can work wonders if you are planning to conceive.

  • Vitamin B6: Include food items that are rich in vitamin B6 Banana, salmon, etc.
  • Consume Vitamin B complex to ensure a healthy Luteal phase.
  • Green leafy vegetables.
  • Vitamin C rich food viz. Broccoli, papaya, brussel sprouts, etc.

Did you find the information useful? Did you calculate your Luteal phase while planning to conceive? Tell us about your experience below. Leave a comment.

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