Are you planning to bring an addition into the family? Have your partner, and you been trying to conceive yet have not been successful? Understanding your ovulation cycle will definitely help your chances of getting pregnant.
Your chances of getting pregnant increase when you have sex in the three days leading up to and including your ovulation cycle. Read on to know more on how to know when you are ovulating and ways to know your ovulating days.
What Is Ovulation?
Ovulation is one of the most fertile periods in your monthly cycle. This is a small time frame each month, usually for about 12 to 24 hours. During this time, you release an egg from your ovary, which are at their best chance of getting fertilized (1) .
Once your ovary releases the egg it travels down the fallopian tube and is ready to be fertilized. If the egg does not meet the make sperm, it gets absorbed by the uterus. The egg is then expelled out of your body during your menstrual cycle (2).
[ Read: What Is The Right Age To Get Pregnant ]
How To Know When You Are Ovulating?
Here are a few ways in which you can understand when you are ovulating. This will help you plan your pregnancy better, or help avoid getting pregnant. There are a few different ways that can help you check your ovulation days (3).
1. Method 1 – Check Your Basal Body Temperature:
Basal body temperature (BBT) is your body’s lowest temperature in a span of 24 hours. Before ovulation, your BBT will be around 97.2 degree F to 97.7 degree F. Your BBT will increase about 0.4 degree F to 1.0 degree F, two to three days after your ovulation. The increase in your BBT is a good indicator that you have ovulated. You can easily buy a BBT thermometer at your local drugstore. These often come with charts that will help you track the temperature for multiple months. Use the thermometer while you are still in bed every morning. Note the reading in the chart.
For best results, take the temperature same time each day. Look out for a prolonged increase in your BBT. This should usually last for a few days. This increase is an indication that you have started ovulating. Once you understand the pattern, you will know instantaneously when you are ovulating. You will be ovulating two to three days before your BBT takes a hike. You can also take this temperature vaginally. It is important you follow the same method of taking the temperature each day.
2. Method 2 – Check Your Cervical Mucus:
You can do a test by wiping your vagina with toilet paper and checking it. Alternatively, you can insert your finger in the vagina and try and brush on your cervix. The mucus will transfer to your finger. For three to five days after your menstrual period, your genitalia will be extremely dry. Post this you can notice a consistency like that of sticky rice in your cervical mucus. Just before and during ovulation, your mucus will be at its fertile peak. Watery cervical mucus means your mucus is fertile. Cervical mucus that has a consistency like egg whites is highly fertile. Check your mucus each morning when you take your temperature. Record the consistency in the chart.
[ Read: Yoga For Fertility ]
3. Method 3 – Ovulation Kits:
You can use a home ovulation kit that can easily be purchased from the drugstore. It measures your LH (Luteinizing Hormone) content in the urine. Higher amount of LH content means you are about to or are ovulating. Start using the kit five to seven days before you think you will ovulate. You should test for LH during the later in the morning or early afternoon. Read the instruction carefully. A positive result is when the result line is darker than the control line. This proves that you are most likely ovulating. Use the kit in combination with other ovulation testing methods.
4. Method 4 – Check Using The Calendar:
The last day of your menstrual period will be the beginning of your next period. Ovulation will happen midway of this cycle, either on or near the 14th day. Your periods may be regular but still be shorter or longer. If you are trying to conceive, the best time is a few days before you actually start ovulating till a few days after ovulation. This will work even if your period gets irregular.
It is important to remember that none of these methods may be completely accurate to know how to know your ovulation days. You should try and do a combination of the above-mentioned techniques to have an accurate reading. Once you start tracking for a few months, you will have a good idea about your ovulation day.
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