Now that you are in the third month of pregnancy, your first trimester is officially about to end. And along with it, some of the early symptoms of nausea and vomiting seem to ebb. But for now, you’ll have to grin and bear with them. Read our post and learn all about what happens in the 3rd month of pregnancy here.
3 Months Pregnant Symptoms:
The symptoms that you experienced last month will continue this month as well. But some symptoms may be new- for example, you may find yourself forgetting or misplacing things. Here are some of the symptoms commonly experienced during the third month:
- Morning Sickness:
The word sickness probably does not justify the extreme uneasiness that nausea and vomiting can lead to during early pregnancy. While, in most cases, morning sickness is quite harmless, some women experience a rare form of nausea and vomiting, or hyperemesis gravidarum, which debilitates you and affects routine life. It can lead to weight loss and dehydration, and hos
[ Read: 3rd Month Pregnancy Care ]
Fatigue is a common symptom in the early stages of pregnancy. It usually goes away in the second trimester, only to return in the third. Pregnancy hormones tend to make you feel tired and sleepy. The body has to produce extra blood to supply essential nutrients to the growing fetus (and the placenta). The extra blood production affects blood sugar and blood pressure levels and makes you feel fatigued. Besides physiological changes, emotional triggers also cause tiredness, especially in unplanned pregnancies. Pregnant mothers often go through conflicting emotions during the early stages of pregnancy; that often affects how they feel physical. There’s nothing much that you can do about it except take a rest and drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
[ Read: Effective Ways To Cope With Fatigue During Pregnancy ]
Change In Your Body:
The pregnancy may not be obvious to others, but your body is going through a lot of changes. For one, your breasts are bigger than they were, the waistline seems to have disappeared, and your clothes seem tighter than earlier. But, none of these changes is noticeable by friends and colleagues. Now is the time to start shopping for some maternity clothes (if you haven’t already).
- Weight Gain:
Despite the vomiting and nausea, you are likely to gain weight. In fact, checking your weight is a routine that’ll every prenatal checkup entails. Weight gain is normal and desirable- for it’s the only way for the doctor to assess if your baby is growing. Do not compare your weight with other pregnant women- they are individualized and depend on a mother’s body mass index (BMI).
[ Read: Tips To Maintain Healthy Weight During Pregnancy ]
- Frequent Urination:
Frequent urination is a common symptom during early pregnancy. It is largely due to a pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), which triggers an urge to urinate frequently. Cutting back on fluids only to avoid frequent visits to the loo isn’t advisable, as it may leave you dehydrated, and make it difficult for the body to supply essential nutrients to the baby. Contact the doctor if you notice blood while passing urine or if it is cloudy with an unpleasant smell. These could be signs of UTI (urinary tract infection) and need immediately medical treatment to prevent kidney infection.
By the end of this month, your uterus would have moved up from the pelvic area to the abdomen. And when this happens, you wouldn’t have to visit the washroom as often as you do now. The body is busy supplying nutrients that allow the baby to grow. It means more blood flows to the baby while less of it flows to the rest of the body, which may leave lightheaded and dizzy at times. Your blood sugar levels and blood pressure remains low. Hormonal changes also mean that your gums are prone to bleeding more than ever- dental hygiene is very important during pregnancy. Ideally, your chances of a miscarriage come down by the end of this month. You may also experience some relief from symptoms like nausea and vomiting. The breasts are now bigger than they were a few weeks ago; you may also observe that the areolas are darker and larger.
A mother’s body undergoes many changes during pregnancy- some of these are essential and desirable, and some others may scare you. Here’s a list of some common concerns that affect pregnant women in the third month:
- Bleeding During The Third Month:
Bleeding during early pregnancy is indeed worrying but does not always indicate a miscarriage. In fact, bleeding during pregnancy is more common than you think. Some women experience light bleeding or spotting while some experience heavy bleeding. For some, the bleeding continues throughout their pregnancy, and for some this may a one-off instance. Bleeding can occur for several reasons. For example, it can occur early on in pregnancy when the fertilized egg latches itself on to the uterine walls. Some women experience bleeding at the time when the periods would have normally been due; a little bleeding is also normal after sex. And sometimes, you may suffer miscarriage even before you know you were pregnant. It usually happens when the fetus isn’t healthy and is unable to survive. That’s perhaps why people prefer to wait until you get to the 12th-week mark (which is during the third month) before sharing news about their pregnancy. Sometimes bleeding can be indicative of something serious like ectopic pregnancy or placenta praevia. Irrespective of the severity, it’s important to inform your doctor about bleeding whenever it happens during pregnancy.
- Weight Gain:
Weight gain is a concern among first-time moms. It takes time for some women to adjust to the fact that weight gain is a part of pregnancy. As long as you eat healthily and avoid junk food, there’s little to worry. You’ll lose most of the extra weight in a few weeks after delivery. It isn’t the time to experiment with yo-yo diets or compare your weight with others. Inadequate weight gain often contributes to low birth weight and among children. If you experience body image issues in the past, tell yourself that it’s alright to gain weight. But pregnancy is not an excuse to throw caution to the wind or indulge in an eat fest. Overeating is as harmful to the baby as is under-eating.
[ Read: 3rd Month Pregnancy Diet ]
- Spina Bifida or Neural Tube Defect:
Spina Bifida occurs when the neural tube around the spine fails to close. It could occur due to several reasons, including genetic and environmental factors. Children with parents who’ve had a neural tube defect have 3-5% chance of developing spina bifida. Also, consuming folic acid before conception has shown to reduce the risks of spina bifida among children. Similarly, some medications increase a woman’s risk for the problem.
- Exercising During Pregnancy:
Did you know that exercise is the best way to combat pregnancy fatigue? But not all exercises are safe during the third month. Walking, swimming, cycling and Pilates are safe. Remember to speak to the doctor before beginning an exercise plan and stop if you notice bleeding or experience abdominal pain. Exercising not only perks up immediately but also helps you to build stamina for labor.
[ Read: Kegel Exercises During Pregnancy ]
The Baby During 3th Month Of Pregnancy:
Your baby is slowly losing her alien-like features and beginning to look human. She is now the size of a peanut (that’s a huge progress from the time she was smaller than a pinhead) and continues to grow rapidly. By the end of this month, your doctor should be able to hear her heartbeat with a stethoscope. Although her genitals are developing, there’s still time for the doctor to determine its sex. The baby’s bone marrow continues to develop white blood cells that will protect it after birth. The head is now erect, and arms and legs continue to grow- in short, most of its organs are fully formed. Over the next six months, these organs will continue to mature and grow.
The importance of a healthy and balanced diet can never be stressed enough during pregnancy- and so are practicing good food safety techniques. It is why certain foods are off-limits. Doctors advise patients against drinking unpasteurized milk or eating unpasteurized cheese during early pregnancy. Similarly, uncooked meat should be avoided. Fish like a shark, swordfish and mackerel are high in mercury, and you should stay away from them. It is difficult to check for food contamination; hence the best way to prevent food-borne illnesses is to wash hands with soap and water before and after handling food. Keep cutlery and kitchen equipment clean and in a dry place. Change dishcloths and kitchen sponges; don’t eat food that’s been refrigerated for a long time. As for food that you should eat, a diet rich in folic acid, calcium and iron provide ample nutrition for the baby and you. Folic acid is present in most lentils and cereals. You can also source calcium through dairy products, and iron through green leafy vegetables.
On Your Mind:
Now that it’s finally sunk in that you are pregnant, you’d probably be thinking about practical things like saving for the baby or baby proofing the house. Electrical cords are probably the biggest concern. Seal open outlets with plastic protectors and keep electrical appliances in a safe place. Medications, chemical cleaners, etc. should be stored in a safe place. You might also want to modify the house to make room for the baby’s nursery. For those who are starved for space, consider temporary partitions like curtains and folding screens. It is also the time to start a saving account for the baby.
Tips For Dads-To-Be:
It may sound strange, but many men experience pregnancy symptoms along with their partner. It is called couvades syndrome and is caused by stress and empathy. Thankfully, the condition isn’t serious and disappears with a little good-natured teasing from friends and family. Even if you don’t have the couvades syndrome, your partner’s pregnancy may affect you in many different ways. Some men worry about losing their freedom or are intimidated by their partner’s behavior during early pregnancy. Here are some tips to help you cope:
- Be Patient:
It’s easy to be upset by what seems to be your pregnant partner’s ‘pregnancy tantrums’. She may have sudden and strange food cravings or feel hungry at odd times. She may become irritable, and you’d never know what makes her blow a fuse. Your partner most probably does not want to behave the way she does but has little control over her emotions. It’s her hormones that make her cranky and cross over things (especially those that are beyond her control).
- Plan For The Road Ahead:
From the time of conception to labor, there could be a hundred surprises concerning the baby and your partner. Get to know about issues that are peculiar to your partner’s pregnancy. Insurance and other related things may also have to be planned.
- Accompany Her For Prenatal Checkups:
It seems to be the most obvious thing to state, but you’d be surprised to see the number of pregnant women out there who’re not accompanied by their partners.
- Help Her With Work Around The House:
Again, it is a given. The days of men being mere spectators at home are long gone, you’d say. However, one glance through the comments section on most pregnancy sites, and you’ll know that the opposite of this is true.
To Do List:
After the 12th week mark, your partner and you are probably busy sharing the happy news with family and friends (that is if you haven’t shared already). So how are you going to do it- on social media or an email?
At The Doctor’s Office:
You will undergo the same tests you’ve taken in the last two checkups, which include tests for diabetes and bacterial infection. Your doctor may also check for your baby’s heartbeats through a stethoscope. She’ll measure the size of your belly and look for visible signs of edema.
Do you have a different experience to share? We’d be more than happy to hear your story. Tell us about it here.
- 4th Month Pregnancy Diet – Which Foods To Eat And Avoid?
- 4th Month Pregnancy Care – What To Expect, Do’s & Dont’s
- 5th Month Pregnancy Care – What To Expect, Do’s & Dont’s