3 Stages Of Adopting A Child In India


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Adoption is a dream-come-true for many! There are people who are not able to have kids of their own. For them it is good to adopt a child who is left alone in the world. There are others who have kids, but want to adopt to be able to support an innocent child and help her live a better life. Even if you are single, you can still adopt a child and have a happy family! Whether you are a childless couple or have children of your own, the newborn baby adoption process remains more or less the same in India.

Baby Adoption In India:

Do you plan to adopt a child? Then it’s important that you stay updated with the procedures. The Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA), which is a part of the ministry of women and child care, governs the procedures related to adoption. A court of competent jurisdiction also has the power to pass an order for adoption. If you wish to make an orphan child your own, then here is the process you need to follow for adoption of a baby.

1. Stage 1 – Registration:

The prospective adoptive parents (PAP) need to register themselves with an authoritative agency closest to their residence. Recognized Indian Placement Agencies (RIPA) and Special Adoption Agency (SAA) are the authorities which are empowered to register such a request. Here are the steps involved:

1. Register with a RIPA or SAA-approved agency. The registration form needs to be filled as per the provisions of Section IV, along with the necessary documents and the fee as per the rule.
2. On receipt of the form, the concerned authority will provide a registration slip to the PAP. The registration form can also be filled online through the facility provided by CARA.
3. There is also the provision of adopting a child from a child care centre other than the one you have registered. In such a case, an application needs to be made to the SAA, specifying the place from which you wish to adopt.
4. Once your request has been processed, you name will be added to the waiting list of the appropriate centre.
5. A similar facility is there for adopting from another state. If you wish to do so, you will need to approach the State Adoption Resource Agency (SARA) or Adoption Coordinating Agency (ACA) of the concerned state and provide them the registration slip.

2. Stage 2 – Pre-Adoption Process:

The concerned authority will guide you with all the procedures that are involved for adopting a child. You will also get counseling from experienced consultants on adoption and parenting. This is especially helpful for single parents or childless couples.

3. Stage 3 – Adoption Process:

There are two main steps in this process, such as:

1. Preliminary Steps:

A home examination will be done by a competent social worker within a maximum period of two months from the date of registration. You will be required to furnish a medical examination report, which should not be more than a year old at the time of referral of the child.

2. Assigning A Child:

An Adoption Committee will be set up by the SAA, which will look into the eligibility of the PAPs and find a child who matches the requirements provided by them. The committee will also ascertain whether the child is free to be legally adopted. On finding a suitable child, the SAA will allow you to visit the centre and see the child. If you are ready to adopt the chosen child, then you will have to give your acceptance by signing the medical examination report and the child study report that is furnished by the SAA. You will need to provide your local contacts to the agency and follow all the rules laid down by the authorities as well as by the courts. Before a full-fledged adoption, the child can be placed in foster care with PAPs.

Once the governing authority is satisfied about your ability to adopt, the child will be legally placed in your care and you will become the new parents of the child.

We hope this article has given you a primer on the basics of adoption process in India. For detailed information, it is best to contact a RIPA or SAA certified agency and clarify all your doubts. We wish you the best in this process. Have you adopted a child? Share with us your stories.

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