31st Week Pregnancy - Symptoms, Baby Development, Tips And Body Changes

31st Week Pregnancy

Image : Shutterstock

Ah! Why does he have to kick so hard? Hey! My baby moves when I sing to him. It’s week no. 31 of my pregnancy and my baby is busy moving around his mama’s tummy. But these aren’t the only changes that occur during the 31st week of pregnancy. Here’s a guide to week 31 pregnancy and the changes you and your baby will experience:

31 Weeks Pregnant Symptoms:

Here we listed out some common 31 weeks pregnancy symptoms you may experience:

  • Leg cramps
  • Indigestion
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Shortness of breath
  • Frequent urinations
  • Leaking breasts
  • Edema (swollen feet and hands)

[ Read: Leaking Breasts During Pregnancy ]

Changes In The Body During 31st Week Of Pregnancy:

With (approximately) two months left until your delivery, the due date may seem far away. As much as you want the little one to see the world soon, there’s still time left for him to complete his full term. Find out here about 31 weeks pregnancy diet.

  • Your body is now undergoing some major changes. For one, you are gaining w
    eight. An average woman would have gained around 9 to 12 kilos around this time.
  • You may feel your uterus filling up the abdomen. It’s because it moves up by a few inches, pushing the internal organs away from their original place. The movement of the organs leads to shortness of breath.
  • Practice breathing exercises to combat the shortness of breath.
  • The uterus also pushes the bladder leaving little room for it to store urine. The result- frequent visits to the bathroom.
  • Once you are done peeing, wait for a few seconds and then try again. The action will help you avoid frequent visits to the bathroom.
  • Among other changes, you will also experience terrible backache. It’s because the expanding uterus forces your lower back into an unnatural curve. The pelvis also loosens up to allow room for a comfortable delivery.
  • Pregnancy hormones and a burgeoning tummy increase blood flow to the veins, which can lead to varicose veins. Take regular walks to maintain blood circulation.
  • Do you keep dropping things or often feel exhausted? Blame it on the pregnancy hormones! These hormones loosen the joints and ligaments and make you clumsy and forgetful. To avoid these mishaps, remember to be extra careful when doing things. Slow down while walking on a slippery floor or during a shower.
  • You may also experience an increasing discomfort, especially when you are sleeping. Keep a pillow between your knees and below the abdomen. And if leg cramps keep you awake at night, try standing on a cold surface. Low levels of calcium and magnesium also lead leg cramps. You may need to consult your doctor to manage your supplement intake.
  • Have you forgotten things lately? The stress of carrying a baby in your tummy along with a lack of sleep can make you feel continually exhausted. The brain slows down and makes you forget things. Manage a foggy memory by writing things down or set reminders on your phone. Ask your friends and family to help you manage things.
  • Braxton Hicks contractions are common during the 31st These are also called practice contractions and are harmless as long as they are not painful.
  • A white mucus-like discharge is also common during the third trimester. The discharge is normal until the flow isn’t heavy enough or isn’t followed by severe bleeding.
  • As your baby pushes itself inside the womb for more space, heartburns are a common occurrence. Doctors prescribe antacids and ask you to mind your diet. Cut down on acidic and oily food to prevent heartburn. Constipation is also a common problem during the 31st Increase fiber intake and drink plenty of water to avoid constipation.
  • Do you find it difficult to fit into your old shoes? Do your feet and hands feel swollen? The condition of edema is quite common during pregnancy. It starts at around 27 weeks and stays until you give birth. Drink plenty of water and cut down on salty food to manage the swelling.

[ Read: 7th Month Pregnancy Diet ]

Changes In Your Baby’s Body At Pregnancy 31 Weeks:

At 31 weeks, your baby is in the middle of a growth spurt and will be quickly approaching his birth weight and height. Your baby moves a lot within your tummy, kicking and doing somersaults. All these antics probably keep you awake at night, but they signal that your baby is active and healthy. Know here in detail about 31 weeks pregnant fetal development:

  • Your baby’s brain, ears, and eyes have developed fully, and he can react to sound and light. It’s why your baby reacts when you sing to him. Doctors often advise expecting moms to avoid loud noises during their third trimester as it may upset the baby.
  • He’s not just gaining weight, but losing the fur like hair (called lanugo) that covered his body in the early days of pregnancy. He now develops hair on his head.
  • Besides moving around, he’s also turning his head from one side to another, hiccupping and even sucking his thumb.
  • His arms and legs are developing and are now in proportion to the rest of his body. Toenails and fingernails are also developed. In fact, babies sometimes scratch themselves inside the womb.
  • Besides the arms and legs, other organs also grow; especially the bladder. Your baby pees around 2 cups of urine into the amniotic fluid every day. The amniotic fluid is very important at this stage- too much liquid indicates that your baby isn’t swallowing properly. And if there’s very little liquid, it could mean that your baby isn’t urinating properly. Doctors measure the size of the belly to check if there’s a problem.
  • Your baby’s bone marrows are growing too- the help him to produce red blood cells.
  • As earlier said, the baby continues to grow rapidly at this stage. His digestive system is almost developed. And so are his lungs.
  • Your baby is old enough to form a sleep pattern. When he’s active, he’s kicking around, and when he’s sleeping he is quiet.

[ Read: 32nd Week Pregnancy ]

31 Weeks Pregnant Baby Weight And Height:

At 31 weeks, your baby probably weighs around 1.5 kilograms and is more active than ever. The average height at this stage is around 16 inches from crown to heel. These are just average measurements, and you needn’t worry about them unless your doctor tells you so.