Hypoglycemia In Toddlers – 6 Causes & 14 Symptoms You Should Be Aware Of

Hypoglycemia In Toddlers

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Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is a condition usually observed in adults, and most frequently in diabetic patients. However, recent findings have revealed that this condition may also occur in toddlers and children due to various possible reasons.

If you’ve got a toddler who experiences dizziness and weakness often, chances are, he could be affected by hypoglycemia. Keep reading to know more about this condition, and how you could handle it better.

Common Causes Of Hypoglycemia In Toddlers:

There are various possible causes of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar levels in toddlers.

  1. The most common form of hypoglycemia occurs due to pediatric diabetes and a complication called insulin reaction. In this condition, the toddler receives too much insulin and probably misses a meal or takes in less food than the amount of insulin taken, or exercises more than normal, which causes a drop in blood sugar levels.
  1. Hyperinsulinism is another condition which may lead to hy
    poglycemia in toddlers. This condition is characterized by abnormal development of certain cells in the pancreas which secrete insulin.

[ Read: Healthy Foods For Toddlers ]

  1. Low blood sugar levels may also be observed in toddlers due to a quick fall in blood glucose levels after a meal rich in carbs. Such a meal tends to send a signal to the pancreas to produce more insulin than needed, which thereby brings down blood sugar levels.
  1. If the mother is affected by gestational diabetes during pregnancy, and the blood sugar levels are constantly high throughout the pregnancy, the body of the baby still continues to produce large amounts of insulin even after being born, which too, could contribute to hypoglycemia after birth.
  1. Growth restricted babies also tend to have low blood glucose levels.
  1. Premature babies and those with low birth weight also have immature liver function, and therefore, hypoglycemia.

[ Read: Symptoms Of Diabetes In Toddlers ]

Signs And Symptoms Of Low Blood Sugar In Toddlers:

There are some easily detectable signs and symptoms which could help you make out if your toddler is affected by hypoglycemia.

  1. Headache
  2. Dizziness
  3. Being unstable while walking around
  4. Shakiness
  5. Trembling hands
  6. Increased hunger
  7. Nausea
  8. Tingling sensation around the lips and mouth
  9. Fatigue
  10. Pale skin
  11. Sleeping disturbances
  12. Recurrent nightmares
  13. Easily irritable
  14. Cranky

[ Read: Absence Seizures In Toddlers ]

Tips To Handle Hypoglycemia In Toddlers:

If you find your toddler affected by a few of the above symptoms, it is best to get him examined by a doctor and determine the exact cause of his low blood sugar levels. The doctor may suggest medications, or your toddler may even need to undergo surgery as per the root cause of his condition.

In addition, you could also take some simple steps to handle hypoglycemia in your toddler yourself.

  • Avoid giving your toddler foods high in carbohydrates.
  • Encourage him to consume smaller, frequent meals.
  • Include a variety of healthy foods in his diet.
  • Get him a drink or a food that has sugar in it- hard candy, milk or orange juice to help boost his blood sugar levels better.

[ Read: Pneumonia In Toddlers ]

The doctor will possibly prescribe certain medications for your toddler to decrease the production of insulin in his body, depending upon his condition.

Also make sure that your toddler always has sweets or sources of quick acting sugar handy. Scheduling mealtimes can also help and keep blood sugar levels from getting too low. Also, if your toddler is into preschool, have a talk with his teacher and caregivers about his condition, and stay updated about his problems, if any.

We hope this article helped you understand a bit more about causes & signs of low blood sugar in toddlers, and how you could detect it. Did these management tips help you out? Let us know in the comments box below.

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