As a parent, it is natural that your child’s development concerns you. Throughout her first year and even through the earliest years of childhood, as a mom, there will be many developments to expect. While you may be aware of the motor development of a child, you may have doubts about it. Fret not! Read our post and learn to assess your child motor skills development.
What Is Motor Development In Children?
Motor development is the various movements your child performs. These movements involve components of your child’s muscles. The movements that your child makes as part of the motor development or motor skills are voluntary. At the time of birth, your child’s nervous system is still immature. Hence, there will be considerable motor development and growth in the first year and early childhood. 
[ Read: Stages Of Intellectual Development In Children ]
Key Motor Development Facts In Children:
Before you understand the various motor skills, here are a few interesting fac
- During the first few years of life, he will learn to respond to daily activities and occurrences through involuntary physical actions. Such actions happen gradually and follow a sequence.
- The rate at which your child’s motor development will grow will differ from other children.
- The direction of motor development in your child happens from the head to the toe. Your child will first learn to control the head and the neck.
- For gross motor skills, your child uses larger muscles that help him with actions like sitting, crawling, standing and walking. Most of these motor developments happen during the first year.
- In fine motor skills, your child develops control in the smaller muscles that help gain control of the hands and fingers. Such development will help your child in finer activities like grasping, dressing up, picking and feeding.
- Children can often reach different skills and development at different stages, even within themselves. For example, your child may learn to grasp and pick up objects faster than most children. On the other hand, your child may be a slow learner when it comes to sitting up or walking, as compared to other children.
Common Physical And Motor Development In Early Childhood:
Your child will reach various motor development milestones during his first year and early years. Here, we list some common fine motor skills in children. Do remember that it is natural for some children to have a delay of a few months. On the other hand, some children may reach certain development areas earlier than you expect. In case, your child faces a big delay in developing motor development skills we mention above, consult your pediatrician immediately. 
[ Read: Physical Development In Early Childhood ]
Gross Motor Skills:
- Your child may be able to stand by the 12th month of his life.
- By the time your child is 15 months old, he should be able to walk himself. Some children don’t walk till they are 18 months old. In case your child does not walk even after 18 months, do consult a doctor.
- Between the 16thand the 18th month, your child may also learn to walk backwards. Most children will also be able to climb stairs by now.
- Your child will be able to jump in the same place by the 24th
- By the time your child is 36 months old, he will be able to stand for some time on one foot and also ride a tricycle.
[ Read: Tips To Help Kids Develop Cognitive Abilities ]
Fine Motor Skills For Children:
- By the time your child is 15 months old, he will be able to form a small tower using two or three blocks.
- Your child will be able to do scribbling by the 18th
- By the 24thmonth, your child will be able to use a spoon independently.
- By the time your child is 36 months old, he should be able to copy a circle.
[ Read: Major Stages Of Early Child Development ]
Motor Skills In The Preschool Years:
During his preschool years, you will notice the following children motor skills:
- Clapping hands
- Touching fingers
- Gluing things on a paper
- Grasp and use pencils and crayons and scribble and draw
- Build a tower of up to ten blocks
- Button up and unbutton again
- Learn how to close and open a zipper
- Complete small puzzles that have five or little more pieces
- Copy a cross or a circle on a piece of paper
- Cut out small and simple shapes using a pair of safety scissors
[ Read: How To Nurture Child’s Developing Brain ]
Here are some motor development skills you will notice when your child is between the ages of three and six:
- By three years of age, he will be able to walk independently and well.
- By the third year, he will also have a better control over running while he may still not be too good at it.
- By four years of age, your child will be able to walk almost as well as an adult.
- By the time your child is four, he will have a better grasp at running.
- Between five to six years of age, your child will be able to run almost as well and as easily as an adult.
- Between three and six, your child will grasp skills like climbing and more.
- By six, he will be able to hop and jump over much longer distances.
- He will begin a simple shuffling motion by three years of age and will learn to skip by the age of six.
- By the age of six, your child will also be able to kick backwards and forwards.
- By the third year, he will be able to catch a large ball with straight hands. By the fourth year, he will learn how to catch by bringing the elbows in the front. By the sixth year, your child will be able to hold the elbows at the sides and catch a ball. 
Motor development is a very fine skill that you can encourage with various tools and toys. Make sure you let your child play and try things by himself. Do keep a lookout for the motor development in children at a certain age. In case you feel the developments are extremely delayed, speak to a doctor about it at once.
At what age did your child reach key motor development milestones? Do tell us your story. Leave a comment.
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