Metabolic Disorders In Children - Everything You Need To Know

Metabolic Disorders In Children

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Does your child look inactive and lethargic? Does he express little interest in eating? Did you know that metabolic disorders could be why he is inactive? If you are wondering what a metabolic disorder is or simply want to know more about the condition, read our post. Here, we look at Metabolic disorders and how they affect your little one.

What Are Metabolic Disorders?

Our metabolism is the basic process of life. It typically involves:

  • The digestion of nutrients like amino acids, galactose, and other materials.
  • The transformation of excess nitrogen in the body to waste and purging it through urine.
  • The transportation of chemicals to your cells.

When the process does not work up to the mark or suffers from frequent interruptions, it can lead to indigestion and other consequences that affect the way the body functions. Such a condition is termed as a metabolic disorder.

[ Read: Types Of Eating Disorders In Children ]

Causes Of Metabolic Disorders In Children:

Metabolic disorders are primarily genetic disorders that your child may inherit from you or through your partner’s gene pool. Metabolic disorder need not happen to you, but your kid can inherit it from you.

Types of Metabolic Disorders In Children:

There are innumerable kinds of metabolic disorders. Newer complications keep popping up all over the globe, so each time a new genetic defect affects metabolic activities, we have a newer version of the condition. Here is the list of metabolic disorders in children include:

  • Lysosomal Storage Disorders:

The disorders cause problems with the insides of the cell space, with waste management of the cell.

  • Galactosemia:

Galactosemia features improper breakdown of the sugar galactose.

  • Maple Syrup Urine Disease:

Maple Syrup Urine Disease occurs due to the deficiency of the enzyme BCKD.

  • Metal Metabolism Disorders:

Sometimes, an enzyme malfunction can increase the presence of trace metals in your blood and cause metal metabolism disorders.

[ Read: Rumination Disorder In Children ]

Symptoms Of Metabolic Disorders In Children:

The symptoms of the metabolic disorders will depend on the kind of disorder your child faces. Some of the metabolic disorders in children symptoms include:

  • Lethargy: the continuous effect of the abnormal enzymes causes dullness in children.
  • Poor appetite: indigestion due to the enzyme malfunction also leads to a loss of appetite.
  • Abdominal pain: the glands that secret the enzymes can become painful.
  • Vomiting: this is another effect of indigestion.
  • Weight loss: loss of appetite causes weight loss.
  • Jaundice: it can occur due to increased insulin production due to the affected pancreas.
  • Development delay: the abnormal food intake and improper bodily functions curb the normal growth.
  • An abnormal odor in bodily fluids like sweat and urine.

Other symptoms can include mental disorders and impaired brain growth. Your child may suffer from organ disorders as the organ functioning depends on enzymes.

[ Read: Tips To Prevent Loss Of Appetite In Kids ]

Diagnosing Metabolic Disorders In Children:

The metabolic disorders are congenital and you can’t do much about them. However, if your pediatrician fails to spot the symptoms of the metabolic disorder, your child may develop an extremely shocking condition, where he exhibits the symptoms through his behavior.

The only way to diagnose childhood metabolic disorders is through a DNA test that clearly shows the area of defectiveness in the genetic order of the victim.

[ Read: Symptoms Of Stomach Flu In Kids ]

Treating Metabolic Disorders In Children:

Metabolic disorder treatment does not erase the condition, as a genetic disorder may manifest itself through various symptoms and correcting it is not as simple as it seems.

The treatment mostly includes symptom management and avoidance of substances that worsen your child’s preexisting condition. Some common preventive measures include:

  • Stopping the intake certain foods that your child cannot metabolize due to his defect.
  • If your little one suffers from low enzyme production, you can inject the necessary enzymes to control and balance the metabolism.
  • If the condition leads to a higher production of toxic substances, administer drugs that can help remove the toxins.

Though all these can help to a greater extent, you need to remember that there is no perfect cure for the condition and proper care is always necessary. Does your child suffer from metabolic disorders? Tell us about your experiences here. Leave a comment below.

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