Is your child suddenly experiencing extreme fatigue? Is your kid suffering from fever, body aches and sore throat along with chronic fatigue? Then chances are your kid may have contracted glandular fever. Read the article below to know more glandular fever in children, its causes and symptoms.
About Glandular Fever:
Glandular fever is a viral infection, which is also known as infectious mononucleosis or mono. The cause of glandular fever is the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Children are more susceptible to the disease. In children the symptoms of glandular fever are quite mild so it often gets unnoticed. Most adults are immune to the EBV due to their exposure to the virus as during their childhood.
The EBV infection spreads through shared bodily fluids such as saliva, blood transfusions and semen. It can also spread through organ transplantations. Kids can get glandular fever from kissing an infected person or sharing toothbrush of a person exposed to EBV. Even when cured of
[ Read: Bacterial Infections In Children ]
Symptoms Of Glandular Fever In Children:
The symptoms of glandular fever usually manifest a few weeks after the infection occurs. All the symptoms may not appear together and some symptoms of glandular fever can last longer than others. Patients also often experience fatigue or reduced appetite for months after relief from other symptoms. Some common glandular fever symptoms in children are (3):
- High fever
- Sore throat
- Extreme fatigue
- Swelling in the lymph nodes
- Muscle aches
- Swollen spleen
- Swollen liver
- Loss of appetite
When you notice such symptoms in your kids, it is time to consult a doctor. Usually doctors diagnose glandular fever based on symptoms alone. But they may also conduct some blood tests to confirm the diagnosis. Swelling in the liver or spleen are not common symptoms of the condition. But if your child is suffering from glandular fever and complaints of pain in the belly it may mean a ruptured spleen or a problem in the liver. In such a case, take your child to a doctor immediately (4).
[ Read: Loss Of Appetite In Children ]
Treatment Of Glandular Fever In Kids:
Glandular fever vaccines are not yet available in the market. So, the only prevention from the disease is to not touch or share bodily fluids with an infected person. This is not always possible though as kids or even the patients themselves may not be aware of their condition. Always follow the doctor’s recommendations to help your kids through glandular fever. The treatment may include the following guidelines (5).
- Kids with glandular fever need plenty of rest. Since glandular fever is contagious, they may need to miss school during their recovery period.
- Hydration needs are more during recovery from glandular fever. Give your kids fresh water to drink every hour or so.
[ Read: Symptoms Of Scarlet Fever In Children ]
- Gargles from salt water may provide them relief from sore throat.
- Even though it is considered all right to use over-the-counter (OTC) medicines to get relief from glandular fever symptoms such as fever, aches and sore throat, refrain from giving your kids any OTC drugs without recommendation from their doctor. Even common pills such as aspirin are not safe for kids.
- It is better for kids to avoid lifting heavy objects during their recovery from glandular fever as it may put strain on the spleen. Also have them refrain from heavy sport activities. It is best for kids to resume sports and strenuous activities only after the go-ahead from their doctors.
[ Read: Best Nutritious Foods For Kids ]
Plenty of rest, nutritious food, sufficient hydration and care can help your kids bounce back from the disease in a short time. But in some cases it may be months until your kids are completely healthy again. Help your kids through their school lessons if they are able to sit up and study. Spend time with them at home so that they do not feel lonely.
Have you cared for a child suffering from glandular fever? Please share your experience with us.