Does your child frequently panic at smallest of things? Is your child constantly nervous and scared for some unknown reason?
Anxiety is a state of nervousness that brings along with it variety of mental disorders, accompanied by bouts of panic attacks. Anxiety in children is an obscure, unpleasant emotion, which is experienced in anticipation of an unknown fear. Anxiety is adaptive and normal in children.
Everyone from the young to the old experience anxiety once in their life. Normal level of anxiety can enable you to solve the problem more efficiently. Whereas chronic levels of anxiety can reduce your child’s capacity to respond appropriately and have a serious impact on his daily life.
Anxiousness usually affect a child’s thinking because the anticipated danger that they are concerned about appears to them much greater than what it actually is in reality. It results in other physical ailments such as stomach ache, insomnia, diarrhea, irritability, nightmares, restless
Types Of Anxiety Disorders In Children:
Your children can be prone to more than one type of disorder at the same time. Listed below are few types of commonly seen anxiety disorders.
1. Panic Disorder:
Panic disorder is the most commonly observed anxiety disorder in children. This kind of disorder is characterized by unpredictable panic attacks, sometimes even during sleep, followed with an unknown fear of oncoming bad incident. A panic attack is often accompanied with symptoms such as losing control, feeling shaky or going crazy. Sometimes your child may not wish to go school because of the fear that something awful will happen to him. Frequent panic attack means that your child has a panic disorder that needs treatment.
2. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD):
Seen in a lot children, obsessive-compulsive disorder is characterized by having frequent intrusive thoughts which engage them multiple times compulsively in an attempt to reduce the feeling of anxiety. For example, a child who is frightened of germs will repeatedly wash his hands in order to avoid catching a disease.
[ Read: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder In Children ]
3. Separation Anxiety Disorder:
Some children have excessive anxiety about being away from their family. Such children may refuse to go to school, may cling on to their parents when they try to leave the home or may even want someone to stay with them at bedtime. Children with separation anxiety disorder constantly complain of feeling sick when separated and have a sense that something terrible will occur while they are separated from their parents or left alone. This type of anxiety disorder in children is more common in six to nine years age group.
4. Selective Mutism:
This is a term used to describe the children who refuse or are reluctant to speak in certain forums and are okay talking in some others. Children with selective mutism worry about speaking in situations that make them feel anxious. They are often seen comfortable talking to their parents and tend to stand motionless, avoiding eye contact or turn away their heads while talking to others. This usually happens when a child enters the school between 4 to 9 years of age.
5. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder:
Post-traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder that your child develops after suffering directly or witnessing a traumatic event. Irritability, sleeping patterns, flashbacks of the traumatic event, lack of concentration, nightmares and vivid memories are symptoms of such disorder.
[ Read: Social Anxiety In Children ]