5 Types Of Learning Disabilities In Children You Should Be Aware Of


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Learning disabilities affect a good percentage of children and finding out if your kid is affected by one is a tough task indeed.

As a parent, you will want to do the best for your kid and encourage him to do well in school and learn something new every day. What happens if you suddenly realize your child isn’t performing sound at school, and that’s something he can’t help?

Here we bring you the basics of learning disabilities in children, the different types that may affect your kid and how you can handle them.

What is Learning Disability in Children?

The term ‘learning disability’ is pretty much self explanatory. Also known as learning disorders, they are conditions that may impact a child’s ability to learn, understand and memorize aspects he usually should.

Does my child have a learning disability?If your kid is affected by a learning disorder, please remember that he isn’t mentally unstable! He just needs a different approach to learn. The brain of a child affected

by a learning disorder usually works in a way different from others when it comes to processing new information.

How Does A Child with Learning Disability Process Information?

If your child has a learning disability, it means that his brain is wired differently than others, which is probably why he experiences difficulties in memorizing things, grasping new aspects, understanding information and learning new skills. The most important factor to remember is that your child can and will succeed, with your care and support.

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Types of Learning Disabilities In Children:

Kids with learning disabilities are believed to be ‘slow’ or weak, while it is not so. Students with learning disabilities just have difficulties in writing, reading and recalling information. The level of difficulty can be classified into the following types.

1. Dyslexia:

A language based learning disability where a child has trouble understanding written matter (numbers or words).

2. Dysgraphia:

A writing disability where the child finds it difficult to form or write letters.

3. Dyscalculia:

A condition where a kid has difficulty solving mathematical problems in particular, and experiences trouble grasping basic math concepts.

4. Auditory and Visual Processing Disorder:

A sensory disorder affects a child’s ability to understand written or spoken language.

5. Non-verbal Learning Disability:

It affects a kid’s ability to use intuitive, organizational, visual and special processing functions.

Symptoms and Signs of Learning Disabilities in Children :

Learning disorders are often difficult to diagnose, especially in the early childhood. However, there are a few signs and symptoms that could be pointing out to the condition in your kid, and here we’ve listed them down.

  • Your kid lacks co-ordination in walking, sports and other basic activities like holding a pencil, tying a shoelace, etc.
  • Your child has difficulty understanding and interpreting instructions.
  • He has difficulty in distinguishing left from right, and has a tendency to reverse numbers or letters.
  • Your kid may have problems understanding the concept of time-yesterday, tomorrow, etc.
  • He easily misplaces school books, homework and other items.
  • He has problems remember something you told him just a few minutes ago.
  • Your kid fails to master reading, writing, spelling and other skills.

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Common Causes Of Learning Disabilities In Children:

You may also want to know more about the causes of learning disorders to make sure you keep your kid at a safer distance; however, the causes of these disorders are not well known by scientists. It is speculated that the following conditions may be the cause of learning disorders in children.

• Hereditary:

Learning disabilities are known to run in the family. If anyone from your family is affected by the condition, your kid is at a higher risk of being affected by the same.

• Accidents After Birth:

Head injuries, exposure to toxic substances or malnutrition following birth too, are believed to be responsible for a good number of learning disorders.

• Pregnancy And Childbirth Complications:

Prolonged labor, premature delivery, deprivation of oxygen, low birth weight, illness, fetal exposure to alcohol or injury while in the womb may be possible reasons for the occurrence of learning disorders in children.

How To Find If Your Child Has A Learning Disability?

If you find any of the common signs and symptoms associated with this disorder persisting in your kid, you may need to take him to a pediatrician and diagnose if he really is affected by a learning disability. The only variation is he needs an approach different from others when it comes to learning and educational strategies. Your doctor can help you with such learning approaches or you can yourself surf them on the Internet, which is a great source of information.

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Ways To Handle Children With Learning Disabilities:

If your kid is already diagnosed with a learning disability, you will now have to follow your doctor’s opinion and advice accordingly. You will now need to be conscious and in the right frame of mind when it comes to helping your child deal with learning disabilities. Here are a few additional tips to help you manage:

• Relax:

Your kid will definitely have good grades, pass out school, graduate, and be everything you wanted him to be. Having a learning disorder doesn’t stop you from dreaming the best for your kid. So just relax!

• Support Your Kid:

Encourage him in all possible ways and never make him feel like he is handicapped in any way. He’s not ‘special’ or ‘abnormal’; he’s just your very own cute little baby.

• Medicate, If Necessary:

Given the medical innovations over the past few decades, it is not difficult to tackle learning disorders today. Make sure you follow everything your doctor needs you too, and very soon, your kid will be out of it.

Taking care of your child having a learning disorder requires a lot of strength and courage. As a parent, you will be under a lot of stress and may even be disappointed to know that your kid is suffering from a learning disability, but understand that with the correct approach, your kid will very soon be just as normal and active and playful as you want him to be.

Hope this post will help you identify learning disability in children and help to overcome. Do share your views with us in the comment section below:

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