Technically you are reaching a great milestone of your pregnancy as you enter week 12. This will be the last week of your first trimester. From the next week, you will be entering a less stressful second trimester, which is known as honeymoon period of your pregnancy. By now your baby is done with almost all of the critical growth and has taken big steps in the area of growth and development. There is no more hiding the good news from friends and family, since your pregnancy is not just certain, but your baby is safe and secure. The chances of miscarriage come down drastically in the second trimester. Your baby has developed almost all major organs and the placenta is taking care of all her needs. All you need to do is exercise, follow a healthy diet and stay mentally fit to ensure her proper growth in your womb.
[ Read: How to Sleep During Second Trimester ]
Changes in Your Body:
In the 12th week of pregnancy,
- Your waistline is thickening and you cannot get into your t
- Your uterus has grown and now it can be felt above your pubic bone.
- While many of the terrible symptoms of past few weeks have subsided by now, you still have to deal with heartburn. The condition is also referred to as acid indigestion, sends a burning sensation shooting up your throat from the bottom of your breast bone. You will again be blaming the hormones for this discomfort. If you are the lucky one, you will be spared the trouble until later pregnancy, when the large size of the uterus makes the condition inevitable.
- The swelling waves of hormones that had caused both emotional and physical disturbances in you are now starting to calm down. Don’t worry if you still experience their effects, the calming down will happen soon enough.
- Unfortunately, though some of the symptoms are coming down, headaches and dizziness are moving up the scale. The frequency and intensity of these symptoms may increase from this week onwards.
- Also you will find increase in the vaginal discharge. This is your body’s natural way of protecting you from infections.
Other symptoms that may affect when you are 12 weeks pregnant are:
- Stress and anxiety
- Drop in blood sugar levels
- Vision disturbance
Now that you are aware of the symptoms. Learn what to do if these 12 weeks pregnancy symptoms persist. If the early pregnancy symptoms persist along with a little spotting or bleeding, consult your doctor to rule out molar pregnancy. When something goes wrong during the fertilization process, it creates abnormalities in the cell that grow out of the placenta. If left untreated molar pregnancy also known as hydatiform mole can be life threatening to the pregnant woman. Though they are benign they can spread beyond the uterus. Do not panic at the first feeling you get of persisting symptoms. Mole pregnancy is very rare, whereas continuation of symptoms is not a rare occurrence. Every woman has different frequency, duration and intensity of the early pregnancy symptoms. This is the time to get your genetic testing done to determine the risk of birth defects. As a mom, it is natural for you to feel scared and confused about this procedure. Do not hesitate to ask questions to your doctor.
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS):
CVS is a highly important diagnostic test, especially for those who are at higher risk of genetic abnormalities in the fetus. Although CVS is mostly associated with testing for Down’s syndrome, it can detect more than 200 other disorders as well. CVS test in done by collecting cells from the placenta by Transcervical test or the Transabdominal test. In Transcervical test, your doctor guides a thin catheter through the cervix to your placenta. The chorionic villi cells are gently suctioned into the catheter. In the Transabdominal test, the doctor guides a long thin needle through the abdomen to your placenta with the help of an Ultrasound. The sample tissue is drawn into the needle before pulling it out.
1. The test is important in cases where:
- The age of pregnant woman is above 35.
- Screen results have shown some form of abnormality.
- There is increased nuchal translucency or similar ultrasound findings.
- Presence of chromosomal abnormality or other genetic disorder in family history.
- Parents have been identified as carriers for a genetic disorder.
CVS is extremely important as it detects chromosome abnormalities and genetic disorders with high levels of accuracy of nearly 98-99%. Unfortunately, it cannot identify the severity of these disorders, nor does it identify neural tube defects.
2. Do not go for the CVS test if:
- You have an active infection (i.e. STD).
- You are carrying twins.
- You have experienced vaginal bleeding during pregnancy.
Contact your healthcare provider immediately, if you doubt you have an infection, spotting, cramping or pain after the CVS test has been done.