15 Important Things To Know When You Are Pregnant For The First Time

pregnant for the first time

Image: Shutterstock

Pregnancy is the most awaited and beautiful stage in a woman’s life. It is said that giving birth is like a reincarnation of a woman. Everyone desires for a healthy and safe pregnancy. If you are first time pregnant, you need to adhere to several safety measures which include your body, diet and outdoor activities.

Top 15 Important Things about First Time Pregnancy

It is essential to have a safe pregnancy without any complications. To ensure a safe pregnancy one needs to follow some simple steps. Here is the list of 15 imperative things that you shouldn’t miss out during pregnancy, especially if you happen to be a first time mom. Following the safety measures will make pregnancy the most enjoyable and memorable part of life.

1. Signs Which Confirm You Are Pregnant:

In the excitement of conceiving a baby, many a times, false symptoms lead to confusion. One should not get carried away by them, but understand the true signs which indicate that you are pregnant. One way to co

nfirm your pregnancy is to conduct a home based urine test using the kits available in the market or get a pregnancy test done from a doctor. Secondly, there are some typical 1st time pregnancy symptoms, which can ratify your pregnancy like feeling of nausea or vomiting, back pain, mood swings, tender of swollen breasts, cravings for some specific food and missed periods.

It is very important to be sure that you are pregnant. If the home pregnancy tests show vague results, you should go to the ob-gyn and do the tests to be sure that you are pregnant. Sometimes symptoms can be false alarms.

2. Visits To Doctor For Prenatal Care Are Important:

Many couples visit a doctor even before planning a baby to make sure the pregnancy will be healthy and devoid of any complications. Once you confirm your pregnancy, it is of utmost importance to visit your doctor regularly. It is essential because it can help gauge the mother’s health as well as that of the fetus. Moreover, it is also necessary to curb any negative development or risks at developing stage itself.

3. Understanding Your Family Medical History:

Once you conceive, it is necessary to discuss with your mother, grandmother or aunts about their pregnancy. It is crucial to understand if there is any genetic problem or any birth abnormalities in the family line. Acquiring knowledge about such things can prepare you for any potential problems and at the same time, it can make you cautious so that you seek necessary aids to avoid them.

4. Medical Tests Are Must:

There are certain primary tests which every pregnant woman should undertake. These tests which comprise of urine test, blood sugar test, thyroid test, hepatitis B test, etc. as suggested by your doctor to determine any deficiency or potential risk associated with pregnancy. It is advisable to do these tests at initial stages or if possible before conceiving. Sometimes there can be minor ailments which can be readily cured with medicines. Other than those mentioned above ultra sound tests are also conducted by doctors frequently.

There are some vaccinations that are essential for pregnant mothers. There is a myth that vaccinating pregnant mothers can cause health risk to the baby. There is no evidence to prove that vaccinations can actually harm the baby. Live attenuated virus and live bacterial vaccines are generally contraindicated during pregnancy. The benefits of vaccinating pregnant women outride the potential risk when both the mother and baby are at risk of developing a life threatening disease.

The Hepatitis B vaccine contains non-infectious HBsAG which cause no risk to the fetus. Hepatitis A is inactivated vaccine similar to Hepatitis B and it is only recommended if there is high risk condition. If the pregnant woman has a high risk of HBV infection, had a multiple sex partners of which one was HBsAG positive, had a current incidence of drug use and is detected with STD, should be vaccinated.

The pregnant woman should not be vaccinated with LAIV (type of Influenza vaccine). Only inactivated Influenza vaccine should be taken by pregnant women. It is important to give the influenza virus before the season begins, because there have been many instances that pregnant women in the second and third trimesters are hospitalized with influenza.

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is not recommended for pregnant woman. If the woman is found to be pregnant after initiating the vaccination series, then the remaining three doses should be administered post-delivery. If the vaccine dose was administered during pregnancy then no intervention is necessary.

Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccine (MMR) vaccine should not be administered to woman known to be pregnant. Woman should be told not to become pregnant for 28 days after vaccination for measles and mumps vaccine or MMR or any Rubella containing vaccine. Since the effects of varicella virus are unknown during pregnancy it is better not to vaccinate the pregnant women with varicella vaccination.

The doctor should administer Tdap or Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis between 27 to 36 weeks of gestation. If not vaccinated earlier then the woman should be vaccinated at the postpartum stage.

Woman of childbearing age when confirmed pregnant at the time of MenACWY or MPSV4 vaccination should contact the doctor or vaccine manufacturer, so that they can record the experiences during the vaccination and its effects caused on the pregnant woman.

The routine vaccines are:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Influenza (Inactivated)
  • ‘Influenza (LAIV)
  • Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR)
  • Meningococcal (MenACWY and MPSV4)
  • Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV13)
  • Pneumococcal Polysaccharide (PPSV23)
  • Polio (IPV)
  • Tetanus and Diphtheria (Td)
  • Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis (Tdap)
  • Varicella
  • Zoster