Spotting and bleeding from the vagina during pregnancy is common. Almost 50% of the pregnant women experience vaginal bleeding and panic. Do you think this is a miscarriage symptom? Or is there any possibility of having periods during pregnancy? Well, before you get startled, know that vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy is not something that should worry you. It is in fact a good sign to show that you are a pregnant.
The bleeding may range from light bleeding or spotting to massive bleeding. Light spotting during pregnancy is not a matter of concern, but heavy bleeding can be an indication of a serious disorder. It is important to know the possible causes and undergo a check up to eradicate any complications.
The Difference Between Spotting And Bleeding:
If you observe brown or pink discharge similar to what you observe at the end of your menstrual period, it is spotting. If you observe a bright red discharge, it is bleeding. The amount of blood you notice is another warning sign. Spotti
What Causes Spotting During Pregnancy?
Light spotting in early pregnancy is usually not a serious condition. It can happen at the same time your menstrual period would have been due and lasts for one to two days. The other causes of bleeding in early pregnancy can be any of the following:
1. Implantation Bleeding:
In the early pregnancy phase, about 20 to 30 % women may experience spotting because of implantation of the embryo into the uterine wall. It will occur around the time of your expected menstrual period. It can be confusing if you mistake it for a normal period before you realize you are a pregnant. This is normal during pregnancy and should not be a cause of worry.
During pregnancy, the flow of blood to the cervical region increases. Therefore, it is quite normal to observe light spotting after intercourse. Also, the region will be tender and any kind of minor stress can cause spotting. Sometimes, benign growths will occur on the cervix, known to be cervical polyps, which can also cause spotting after having intercourse.
3. Internal Pelvic Exam or Pap Smear:
Spotting after an internal pelvic exam or pap smear also holds the same reasons as above. The cervical region will become tender because of the increased blood flow and any bump to the region could cause spotting.
Conditions that are unrelated to pregnancy can also cause spotting. Vaginal infections like bacterial vaginosis or yeast infection or sexually transmitted diseases like herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea or trichomoniasis can cause inflammation or irritation of the cervix. The inflammation can lead to spotting on being ruptured by sex or other stress.
[ Read: Infections During Pregnancy ]
5. Subchorionic Hemorrhage:
Chorion is the fetal membrane that encloses the placenta. Subchorionic hemorrhage is a condition wherein bleeding happens within the folds of the chorion and the placenta. It usually stops by itself and does not lead to problems during pregnancy. Still, a prompt diagnosis and required treatment is suggestible.
6. Nearing Labor:
As your body prepares for labor, you will pass your mucus plug, a state where your cervix begins to dilate. It will be soaked in blood, that is also called ‘bloody show’. Passing your mucus plug will not be a concern if you are already into 37 weeks of pregnancy. But, if there is heavy bleeding, be sure to consult a gynecologist.
What Causes Bleeding During Pregnancy?
Vaginal bleeding can occur at any time during pregnancy. It is rarely a sign of a serious condition, since it can accompany many pregnancy complications. But, it can sometimes be a sign of serious condition too. Therefore, it is important to understand the possible causes and get a check up done.
Bleeding In First Trimester Of Pregnancy:
Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy first trimester can be caused by various factors. Nearly 20 to 30% of pregnancies will be affected with bleeding during this phase.
1. Ectopic Pregnancy:
In an ectopic pregnancy, the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, that is usually in the fallopian tube. You will usually notice cramping and a sharp pain in the lower abdominal region accompanied by dizziness, weakness and nausea. It can be life threatening to mother and requires immediate medical attention. Statistically, only 3% of pregnancies experience it.
Ectopic pregnancy can happen if you have had a history of the any of the following complications:
Prior ectopic pregnancy, ligation or Fallopian tube surgery, pelvic inflammatory condition, infertility for more than 2 years, smoking and having a birth control device placed in the uterus.
[ Read: Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms ]