Egg allergy is quite common in babies whose immune system has not developed enough to sustain high level of protein content present in foods.
Since egg whites and yolk both contain good amount of protein, some babies develop immediate allergic reaction to eggs.
All About Egg Allergy In Babies:
Babies who have this particular kind of allergy tend to exhibit symptoms after eating eggs.
- A baby’s immune system, which usually protects her from external germs and invaders, now treats egg as a potential danger.
- Her body then releases antibodies that fight infections; this is expressed in the form of an allergic symptom.
- Some kids develop the warning signs faster than the others.
[ Read : Banana Allergy In Babies ]
Signs And Symptoms Of Egg Allergy In Babies:
The time period of allergic reaction to eggs varies from child to child. Here are some of the important signs and symptoms that indicate that your baby may be allergic to eggs:
- Skin hives
- Flushing of face
- Swelling of face, lips and tongue
- Stomach pain
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Itching around the mouth
- Running nose
- Respiratory difficulties
- Rapid heartbeat
- Low blood pressure
- Other unexplained heart problems
- Anaphylaxis (the most serious reaction to an allergy that causes alarming breathing issues and drop in blood pressure)
[ Read : Soy Allergy In Babies ]
Diagnosis Of Egg Allergy:
Usually, the doctor will confirm egg allergy in baby with a simple skin test. For this purpose, a small drop of the food extract will be placed on your baby’s skin.
- The doctor will gently prick that area on the skin for the allergen to react.
- If your baby develops reddish spots or rashes on the tested area, there is a strong confirmation that your little one is allergic to the tested food allergen.
- Blood tests will be performed if doctor is unable to get enough evidence via skin test.
Note – Any kind of tests for food allergens should be done by a doctor in his clinic. Do not take the liberty of trying out any skin test at home as this can prove to be risky for your baby.
[ Read : Skin Allergies In Infants ]
Treatment For Egg Allergy:
If your child has egg allergy, the doctor will apply any of the following treatment options, based on the severity of the reaction:
- In case of anaphylaxis, an extreme case of reaction, your baby will be administered an inject-able medicine known as epinephrine to control the adverse effects.
- In other cases, the doctor will take a call depending on the necessity of medical intake.
2. Avoiding Eggs:
- If your baby does not develop risky reaction to the egg allergy, the best treatment for the same would be completely stop eating eggs.
- You will have to make sure that your baby is not exposed to an environment with eggs.
- The diet should be free of any eggs or egg based food items as such.
[ Read : Formula Allergy In Infants ]
Foods With Egg Content:
Watch out for the below list that contains eggs and egg related ingredients that are susceptible to cause allergies:
- Egg whites
- Egg Yolk
- Fried or boiled egg
- Powdered Egg
- Egg based food solids
- Silici Albuminate
Healthy Replacement For Eggs:
Eggs are an important part of a baby’s diet containing adequate amounts of protein. However, if your little one is allergic to eggs, there is no need to worry. You can simply replace the same with options that are equivalent in nutritional value.
You can incorporate the following in your baby’s diet plan as an effective alternative to replenish protein content:
- Poultry (better to check for allergens here)
- Legumes (beans, sprouts etc)
Most babies outgrow egg and other food allergies by the time they are 5-7 years old. It is important to keep track of their responses to the allergens all the same.
[ Read : Peanut Allergy In Babies ]
In case your baby has food allergy with more than one food group, it is advisable to discuss the viable options with the pediatrician in order to work out an alternative and plan a healthy diet.
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