We all are, to some extent, scared of Dengue. If you are a parent, doubtless you may be worried whether your child may get infected by the dengue fever.
Approximately 100 million cases of dengue fever are estimated every year worldwide. In this article, we will give you an overview of this fever and suggestions to prevent it from entering your household.
What Is Dengue?
Dengue (pronounced as den-gee) is a painful and draining mosquito-borne disease caused by dengue virus. It causes high fever, headaches, pain throughout the body and rashes. Dengue is more common in tropical areas.
Some regions most affected by dengue are:
- Southeast Asia
- The Indian Subcontinent
- Southern China
- The Pacific Islands
- Some Parts of The Caribbean
- Central and Southern America
Most part of United States is not prone to Dengue. However, people who are travelling to tropical locations should be well prepared for any such infections. Some part of southern United States and Te
[ Read: Typhoid Symptoms In Babies ]
How Dengue Occurs And Spreads?
Dengue virus is transmitted through the bite of an Aedes mosquito (also known as Female Tiger mosquito). When this virus transmits to human blood, it activates and causes dengue fever.
- Dengue is not a contagious infection that spreads from human to human through physical contact. It only spreads through mosquito that has dengue virus.
- Unlike all other mosquitoes that bite during evening and night, dengue-causing Aedes mosquitoes bite during the daytime. These mosquitoes breed in humid and warm climate.
- There is a very high chance of dengue-causing mosquitoes to grow around stagnant water. This is a major reason, chances of dengue infection increases during monsoon season.
[ Read: Mosquitoes Repellent For Babies ]
Dengue Symptoms In Babies:
Dengue fever appears around 4 to 6 days after the body is infected by the virus. The fever lasts for around 10 days. Following are some symptoms of dengue fever in babies:
- Sudden high fever
- Pain behind eyes
- Severe headache
- Excess of body pain, especially around joints and muscle areas
- Rashes on skin, which generally appears a couple of days after fever
- Mild nose bleeds
- Bleeding gums
At times, symptoms of dengue in babies are not prominent and therefore dengue fever is confused with other viral infections. Such confusions happens more in babies.
What Happens If Dengue Is Not Identified Soon?
Dengue is often confused with other fevers or infections. This makes situation worse and gets severe by the time someone realize about the actual situation.
- If left undetected for long, fever can take turn to dengue hemorrhagic fever, which is a rare disease.
- This fever causes damage of blood vessels, lymph and failure of circulatory system.
- It is accompanied by very high fever, massive bleeding of nose, shock and even death.
- This is called as Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). People with weaker immune system have higher chance of Dengue Hemorrhagic fever.
What To Do If Your Baby Show Symptoms Of Dengue?
If you see rashes on your baby’s skin and she has fever, you should be on guard. Along with these two signs, if your child is also complaining of body pain, it is best to contact your physician.
- As of today, there is no specific cure for dengue fever. Your doctor will prescribe you medicines to counter the symptoms and fever, which will help in curing dengue.
- Do not give your child any anti-inflammatory pill as this could affect your baby’s blood platelets.
- Take her to the hospital, so that treatment can be offered as soon as possible.
[ Read: Symptoms Of Viral Fever In Infants ]
Prevention From Dengue:
Dengue is a severe infection; the good news is, it can be controlled with currently available preventive measures. If you keep a tab of things, you will be able to keep you and your baby away from this infection.
- The key is to keep mosquitoes away from your family. Make sure that you do not let water accumulate anywhere in your house (washroom, terrace, garden, etc).
- Use mosquito repellent in your house and keep your kids away from dirt.
We hope this article proves useful for you recognize dengue symptoms in babies. Please share your thoughts on this topic in the section below.
Reference : 1
- 5 Effective Treatments To Cure Bug Bites In Babies
- Is It Safe To Use Mosquito Repellents For Babies?
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- 7 Preventive Measures To Avoid Malaria In Infants/Babies