The first few days and months of motherhood are fraught with anxiety. Babies are so tiny and helpless that it is normal to worry about their well being. And you do have a cause for worry. Newborn baby problems cannot be ignored as babies are so delicate.
Infants and babies have immune systems that are still developing. So, even minor illnesses can lead to serious complications. That is why it is important to understand all that can go wrong with your little one in her early days.
Common Newborn Baby Problems:
When it comes to health problems, the newborn stage is the most critical. Here are a few health conditions that are fairly common in newborns:
1. Abdominal Distension:
Most newborns have protruding bellies. But if your baby’s belly feels hard and swollen in between feeds, do some sleuthing. Nine times out of 10, it will be just gas or constipation, but sometimes a swollen belly can indicate a serious underlying condition (1).
2. Birth Injuries:
A difficult labor can leave your newborn with some birth injuries. Most newborn recover pretty quickly from these injuries, so don’t stress about it. Some of the common birth injuries, your infant may suffer from include a broken collarbone, muscle weakness, forceps marks, etc. (2).
3. Bluish Skin:
Baby skin problems include bluish skin.It is pretty normal for babies to have blue hands and feet, but this may not be a cause of concern. In some cases, newborns can also develop blueness around their mouth and tongue while crying. But the blueness goes away with time. But if your baby does not get her pink skin back, you need to consult your doctor immediately.
It is normal for a baby to cough when she is feeding as sometimes the milk can come in too fast. But if your baby has a cough that refuses to go away or if she often gags during feeding see a doctor. It may indicate a problem with the lungs or the digestive system. If your little one is coughing incessantly, especially at night, you’ll also need to rule out whooping cough (3).
[ Read: Home Remedies For Cough In Babies ]
Jaundice is a common problem among newborns. Many infants have high bilirubin levels at birth as their livers are still immature. Most cases of jaundice in newborn resolve with time. But it can also cause serious problems. So, let your doctor prescribe a treatment to cure jaundice. An earlier theory that neonatal jaundice causes brain damage proved to be a false alarm (4).
6. Respiratory Distress:
It takes a newborn a few hours to breath normally. But once her body learns to breath, she should have no more difficulties. Breathing problems in babies happen due to many issues.If you notice your baby is having difficulty in breathing, check her nasal passage. In most cases, difficulty in breathing occurs due to a blockage in the nasal passages. You can treat this problem with the use of saline drops.
But if you notice any of the following symptoms, go see your pediatrician immediately:
- Rapid breathing
- Flaring of her nose
- Grunting while breathing
- Blue skin color that refuses to fade
If you had a preterm labor, your baby is at a higher risk of developing respiratory distress (5).
Vomiting is a common health problem among infants. It is normal for infants to spit up milk after feeds. But frequent vomiting is not normal. To prevent frequent vomiting and spit ups, make sure your baby is not lactose intolerant or allergic to breast milk. You also need to burp your baby frequently to prevent her from throwing up her entire meal. If your child is vomiting and not gaining adequate weight, she might need medical intervention. Also, watch out for the color. If your baby’s vomit looks green, talk to your doctor about possible infections and treatment options (6).Digestive issues could also lead to vomiting.