Contact Dermatitis In Children - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Contact Dermatitis In Children

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Among the hundreds of health issues you may have to deal with as a mother, dermatitis may be the most benign!

But just because contact dermatiti

s is not dangerous, does not make it any less uncomfortable!

A child suffering from dermatitis may be more prone to skin allergy.

If you are looking for a resource that will help you understand contact dermatitis better, you have landed on the right page!

What Causes Contact Dermatitis In Children?

Before you find out more about what causes dermatitis in children, you need to know what exactly it is!

Contact dermatitis is the skin’s physiological reaction to certain substances. The body treats these as allergens and reacts by causing dermatitis, an itchy rash!

Some of the common causes or irritants that lead to contact dermatitis include:

  1. Soaps: Some children may be allergic to a certain ingredient in soaps while others might not take kindly to any soap.
  1. Saliva: Saliva – both animal and human can also cause contact dermatitis in children.
  1. Foods: Children with contact dermatitis may find certain foods allergic.
  1. Detergents: Wondering what is causing incidents of dermatitis in your child? Check your detergent!
  1. Baby Lotions: Some younger children may find a mild baby lotion irritating.
  1. Perfumes: Perfume is another major cause of contact dermatitis in many children.
  1. Poison Ivy: Poison ivy, along with its cousin poison oak and sumac can also cause contact dermatitis in children
  1. Metals: Some metals like Nickel and Mercury too can cause contact dermatitis. Unfortunately, these metals are everywhere! Jewelry, zippers, hooks, watches, and other accessories contain nickel while contact lens solutions can contain mercury!
  1. Latex: Rubber toys, balls, pacifiers, balloons – latex can irritate your child’s skin.
  1. Cosmetics: If you have an older child, you may have to keep a close eye on the makeup she uses. Permanent hair dye, eye shadows, nail polish, lipstick and some sunscreens too can cause contact dermatitis.
  1. Medications: Some particular medication like Neomycin can also cause contact dermatitis.

[ Read: Molluscum Contagiosum In Children ]

Symptoms Of Contact Dermatitis in Children:

Not everybody experiences contact dermatitis the same way. Signs and symptoms vary from case to case.

The more common symptoms of contact dermatitis in children include:

  • Mild redness of skin
  • Inflammation of the skin
  • Blisters on the skin
  • Itching
  • Scaling

How To Treat Contact Dermatitis?

If you suspect that your kid has contact dermatitis, consult your doctor.

There are several factors that will help your doctor decide the right treatment for your child. Some of them include:

  • Age
  • Overall health
  • Medical history
  • Severity of the disorder

When it comes to allergic reactions like contact dermatitis, prevention is always better than cure. So, identify the allergen and banish it from your kid’s life!

[ Read: Warts In Children ]

If your child does end up with a case of dermatitis, try the following easy methods to provide some relief:

  • As soon as your child comes in contact with an allergen, wash her skin with water and soap.
  • If your kid has come in contact with plant resins, wash her clothes properly to prevent re-exposure.
  • If your child develops blisters, try using wet, cold compresses to provide relief from inflammation.
  • Your doctor may prescribe oral antihistamines to provide some reprieve from itching.

If these conventional methods of treatment fail to treat contact dermatitis, your doctor may need to take some more stringent measures. Some of the other methods used to treat the problem include:

  1. Phototherapy: The usage of phototherapy for treating contact dermatitis is gaining ground quickly. The process involves exposing the affected area of skin to ultraviolet (UV) light (1).
  1. Immunosuppressant Therapy: Your doctor may prescribe medication that suppresses your kid’s immune system and reduces inflammation (2).
  1. Alitretinoin: It is a special medicine for contact dermatitis afflicting your child’s hands! (3).

[ Read: Symptoms Of Shingles In Children ]

Contact dermatitis, even at its mildest, can cause severe discomfort. The best you can do is keep your child protected from irritants and hope for the best!

If you notice signs and symptoms of contact dermatitis in kids, consult your doctor to provide your child relief at the earliest.

Did your child suffer from contact dermatitis? What treatment did the doctor advice? Tell us!

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