Blindness In Kids - 6 Causes, 14 Symptoms & 6 Treatments You Should Be Aware Of


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Playing a blindfold game with your kid may be fun, but that’s just for a short period of time. Our eyes are not just the windows to our soul, they help us see and understand the world that is. They are truly one of the most miraculous creations we are blessed with.

It can be a life changing experience when it comes to learning to live without sight. As a parent, you need to always assess your child’s visual capabilities. In the event that your kid does not seem to respond to light and moving objects, it could be a sign of childhood blindness.

Having a kid affected by this visual impairment can be a difficult experience, but as a parent, you are the one who needs to be strong and provide all the support and help to your child. This can only be done if you understand the condition properly. Things like why it occurs, how can one detect it, and some ways to handle it better can help you provide your child with the right kind of support and care that he needs.

Childhood Blindness – An Overview:

The eye is one of the many parts of the body that is carefully constructed using different delicate parts. These include iris, cornea, lens, retina and many more, all of which play an essential role in promoting proper vision. All these parts need to function harmoniously with each other for you to be able to see. A malfunctioning of any of these parts can cause partial or total blindness or other visual concerns.

A person who is visually impaired may have problems in both the eyes, or in a single eye.

Causes Of Blindness:

There can be various causes for this condition. Some of the most commonly known are:

  1. A lot of visual problems may develop before birth. In some cases, certain parts of the eye are not developed in the way they should, which causes vision problems.
  2. It has also been found that a kid’s eyes may look fine, but the brain may have trouble processing the information that is sent.
  3. In some cases, the optic nerve of the eye, which is concerned with sending pictures to the brain, doesn’t develop correctly or has some problems in functioning properly. This causes vision impairment.
  4. Blindness may be genetic or inherited. This means that if a particular member of your family is visually impaired your kid too may have a risk of developing the same disorder.
  5. Blindness may also occur due to certain accidents wherein a foreign object may hurt the eye. This is why it is important to protect the eye as much as possible.
  6. Certain illnesses such as diabetes may lead to complications with the eyes (diabetic retinopathy) which may cause visual disturbances. Eye diseases like cataracts may also cause partial or complete vision.

[ Read: Diabetes Symptoms in Children ]

Signs And Symptoms of Blindness:

Since your kid can’t express and explain his concerns properly, it can be difficult to detect and understand if your kid is affected by any visual problem.
Here we have listed some of the common signs of visual impairment your kid may show if he is affected by it.

  1. Pupils are unequal in size.
  2. Pupils appear white instead of black.
  3. Eyes don’t move when an object or face is moving in front of it.
  4. Crossed eyes.
  5. Eyes turn out or in.
  6. Eyes flutter from side to side or up and down.
  7. Eyes do not seem to focus.
  8. Eyes bulge or bounce in rhythmic movements.
  9. Clumsy behavior such as knocking things over or bumping into things.
  10. Repeated shutting or covering of one eye.
  11. Avoiding tasks that require good vision.
  12. Frequent squinting and blinking.
  13. Sitting too close to the TV, holding books too close to the face.
  14. Face crunching and eye rubbing.