6 Signs And Symptoms Of Diabetes In Infants

diabetes in babies

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Worried if your baby is diabetic? Well, it can certainly be frightening when you know that your baby is suffering from diabetes.

Infants and children are also liable to develop diabetes. However, you need to be brave, as babies can easily sense trouble when parents feel anxious. As a parent or caregiver, you can learn about ways to give insulin and also symptoms of diabetes in babies, so that you can ensure a healthy growth for your child.

Types Of Diabetes:

Diabetes is a chronic disease that can affect the ability of the body to process blood sugar. Diabetes is of two types:

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes.

a. Type 1 Diabetes:

The actual cause behind type 1 diabetes is still not known. However, the inability of the cells to produce insulin results in sky rocketing of blood sugar levels. If unchecked, it can start affecting other organs of the body as well.

  • The Type 1 form of diabetes is commonly recognized in infants.
  • This is also known as juvenile diabetes.
  • This is an autoimmune disorder that prevents the body from generating insulin. It is a form of the hormone that breaks down glucose for energy.

b. Type 2 Diabetes:

This type of diabetes does not depend on insulin, but this can also affect the infants.

  • The main cause behind Type 2 diabetes is the insulin resistance.
  • Insulin as well as blood sugar levels continue to rise in the body as a result of this.
  • This type of diabetes is often caused by Turner Syndrome and Down syndrome.

[ Read: Baby Health Care ]

Symptoms Of Diabetes In Infants:

According to the guidelines set by the American Academy of Pediatrics, parents must look for the following symptoms in babies and consult the doctor if necessary:

  • Trembling
  • Paleness
  • Sweating
  • Crankiness
  • Bluish color in fingers and lips
  • Unexplained vomiting, loss of weight, fever and diarrhea can also be symptoms of diabetes in infants.

[ Read: Viral Fever In Infants ]

What The Symptoms Indicate?

If you notice the above mentioned symptoms, call for the doctor for further diagnosis. You should not neglect the symptoms. If untreated, your baby may suffer from severe consequences as well:

  • The symptoms may suggest the baby is hypoglycemic. Consult the doctor and check the glucose levels. Let your baby undergo treatment if the blood sugar level is too low.
  • The brain requires a constant flow of blood and thus you need to check the glucose level from time to time.
  • If the glucose level goes high, then the baby is suffering from hyperglycemia, which means she is not getting sufficient insulin.
  • Babies suffering from hyperglycemia may get dehydrated and urinate frequently.

[ Read: Flu In Babies ]

Insulin And Eating Habits:

Babies have unpredictable appetites. It is possible for a baby to eat little and carry on for days together. Here are some of the guidelines that will make insulin injections easier for your little one:

  • If your baby doesn’t take food on time and in the right amount, it makes it even difficult for you to give insulin.
  • There are different injection aids available to make insulin injections, less traumatic for babies.
  • Sometimes doctors prescribe a topical anesthetic cream that makes the area to be injected, numb.
  • Inject ease is a device that can be used with standard syringe to minimize pain and hide the needle as well. This facilitates the rapid injection. Talk to your doctor.
  • Homely methods that you can try include numbing the area with soda can or spoon.

With time you will be able to attune yourself to the signs your baby gives about the way she feels. You need to develop a clear understanding of “wet cry” and “hungry cry”, which will help you understand when your baby feels horrible.

Do let us know what you do to take care of your diabetic baby. Share it with us and millions of other mothers all round the world, looking for help.

Reference : 1

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