Your little one is growing up and turning out be quite mischievous! Your toddler at this age is always on the move and exploring the world around. As much as you try to avoid it, he may end up getting hurt or falling sick.
While this is all part of his growing up, it can give you a scare to suddenly see him bleeding from the nose. Before you panic, remember that this is a normal event. Read on to know more about what causes nosebleeds in toddlers and what you need to do.
What Is A Nose Bleed?
A nosebleed is known as epistaxis in the medical terminology. It is a very common occurrence in toddlers as well as babies.
- If your toddler is experiencing a nose bleed, the bleeding will most likely occur in one of the nostrils.
- If the bleeding is at the front of the nose, it will be easier for you to stop it.
- If the bleeding is at the back or deeper end of the nose, it will take longer to stop it.
[ Read: Concussion In Toddlers ]
Why Does My Toddler Have So Many Nose Bleeds?
It is completely normal for your toddler to experience nose bleeds in these growing up years (1). In fact, some toddlers and preschoolers even have multiple nose bleeds in a week. Though there is nothing to be worried about if it stops in some time, it can surely give you a fright.
What Are The Causes Of Nosebleed In Toddlers?
Nose bleed can happen due to various reasons in your toddler. The blood vessels in the nasal lining are very close to the surface. They are also very fragile, especially at this age and can rupture easily.
Here are some of the most common reasons why your toddler may experience a nose bleed:
- If your toddler has been picking the nose.
- If your toddler has scratched the inside of the nose unknowingly.
- If your toddler has inserted a foreign object inside the nose.
- If your toddler is in an environment where the air is very dry.
- If your toddler has been vigorously rubbing the nose.
- If your toddler has been in the sun for a long time.
- If your toddler gets hit on the nose while playing or running around.
- If your toddler has a very violent sneeze.
- If your toddler blows the nose too aggressively.
[ Read: Fever In Toddlers ]
How Can I Soothe Him At Home In Case Of A Nose Bleed?
If the bleeding is minimal and does not seem to cause much discomfort to your toddler, you can easily treat it at home (2). Here are a few things you can do to soothe your toddler during a nose bleed:
- Be clam. Do not panic.
- Tell your toddler that everything is fine and that you will take care of it.
- Make sure that your toddler is not panicking. Ensure your toddler’s breathing is regular and there is no gasping.
- Make your toddler sit down and tilt the head forward.
- Ask your toddler to breathe through the mouth. You may have to show your toddler how to do this by doing it yourself and asking your toddler to copy you.
- Place a bowl under your toddler’s nose and give your toddler a soft handkerchief.
- Pinch the soft front part of your toddler’s nose for about ten minutes.
- Try and apply an ice pack on the area.
- Release the pressure after ten minutes.
- If your toddler is still bleeding repeat the process again. Do this twice for ten minutes each.
- Clean the area once the bleeding has stopped.
When Should I Take Him To The Doctor In Case Of A Nose Bleed?
Sometimes a nose bleed can be a symptom of some other health concern. If your toddler is experiencing a nose bleed after suffering a head injury, you need to get immediate medical assistance. If your toddler shows any of the following symptoms you should seek immediate medical help:
- If your toddler is feeling drowsy.
- If your toddler is nauseous or is vomiting.
- If your toddler is dazed and confused.
- If your toddler is bleeding and there is a watery liquid coming out of the nose.
[ Read: Hives In Toddlers ]
What Will The Doctor Check?
While it is a normal part of growing up, it is important to monitor nose bleeding in toddlers. If your toddler has a nose bleed more than twice a week you should get a proper medical assessment done.
- A family history of bleeding disorder may also make your toddler more vulnerable to the same.
- Your toddler may be recommended to a blood test for a full blood count (FBC) test. This will help to rule out anemia and check for any underlying bleeding disorders.
- The doctor will also check for infection and prescribe required medication if any.
- Your toddler may be referred to an ENT specialist to properly check the back of the nose area.
Your toddler will eventually outgrow this situation in a few years. It is important you do not panic and help keep your toddler stay calm. Seek medical help if you are unable to control and stop toddler nose bleed on your own.
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