Epilepsy In Children - 9 Causes, 9 Symptoms & 2 Treatments You Should Be Aware Of

epilepsy in children

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Worried seeing your child having bouts of seizure? We understand that observing your child’s first seizure is probably one of the most frightening moments of your life.

You will now have to address the all concerns about your child who is living with epilepsy. To make your job easier, we have compiled below the symptoms, causes and treatments with epilepsy in children.

What Is Epilepsy In Children?

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that is marked by sudden recurrent episodes of convulsions, strange behavior or loss of consciousness, associated with abnormal electrical activity in your child’s brain.

Also called “seizure disorders”, it is a common condition among children; these seizures can occur rarely or very frequently.

Causes Of Epilepsy In Children:

When your kid is diagnosed with epilepsy, the first question that will pop in your mind is why and how did this occur in my child? Here we help you out with some of the common causes.

  • Abnormal brain development
  • Damage In the brain after your child is born
  • Genetic factor
  • Infection
  • Inflammation
  • Premature babies
  • Head injuries
  • Brain tumor
  • Brain damage

[ Read: Foods For Brain Development In Children ]

Symptoms Of Epilepsy In Children:

The prime indications of epilepsy are repeated seizures. These seizures can take place when your child is awake or asleep. There are different types of epilepsy symptoms in children such as:

  • Muscle spasms
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Jerking movements of arms and legs
  • Loss of awareness
  • Stiffening of the body
  • Not responding to words for brief periods
  • Periods of rapid blinking
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Staring

Types Of Epilepsy Seizures In Children:

Doctors categorize seizures depending upon the part of brain that is affected.

1. Partial Seizure:

Partial seizures take place when abnormal electrical brain function occurs in one or more areas of the brain. In case of partial seizure, your child may experience strange feelings, changes in sense of smell or visual changes.

Partial seizures consist of two types:

  • Simple Partial Seizure: Where the seizure last for less than a minute.
  • Complex Seizure: It is the seizure that last between one to two minutes.

As an example, Tonic-Clonic is a form of seizures that causes memory loss; ample time is required to overcome such a seizure. Hence, your child may have top frequently miss school which would adversely affect your child’s education.

2. Juvenile Epilepsy:

Epilepsy not only affects adults; in children, sometimes epilepsy comes to end right after childhood. Around 70% of the kids affected with epilepsy during their early age ultimately tend to overcome it. Children with juvenile epilepsy usually encounters with a jerk or muscle twitching.

3. Generalized Seizure:

It occurs when almost the entire part of the brain is affected. These are also known as Grand mal seizures.

  • When such seizure occurs, a child tends to make random sounds or get numb for a few seconds or even few minutes.
  • During this time the child’s eyes are open, he or she may be unable to breathe, turn blue and appear to be dazed or confused.

Absence or petit mal seizure, a form of generalized seizure, is the most common form of seizure during early age of a child. This form of seizure is unpredictable as compared to Tonic Clonic seizures. They occur, a number of times per day that may interrupt your child’s ability to learn.

Effects Of Epilepsy On Children:

Epilepsy is not life-threatening as such, nor is it contagious, but it certainly can turn dangerous if left untreated for long. You should be aware of the adverse effects this condition can have on your child. Following are the areas where epilepsy might affect your child:

1. Education:

Epilepsy does have a bad impact on your child’s capability to study and learn; but sometimes the disorder may strike during an examination, creating complications.

2. Social Life:

This is another factor which may be an obstacle for your child. Your child may be bullied or ridiculed by others because of his disorder.

3. Psychological:

Because epilepsy limits your child’s normal life, he can grow up feeling resentful, self-hating or short-changed.

As you can see, none of the effects above can be taken lightly. These disorders have the power to ruin your child’s joy, so the sooner you get your child treated, the better.

Treatment For Epilepsy In Children:

Going by numbers and efficacy, allopath remains the best for epilepsy treatment. In most cases, epilepsy seizures are controlled by providing medications such as anti-convulsants. Below, we suggest some of the treatments that might help you to get your child rid of epilepsy.

1. Epilepsy Medicines:

If your child is suffering from epilepsy, he is normally prescribed with anti-epileptic medicines to lead a healthy life.

  • Specialists suggest medicines for your child depending upon the kind of seizure he is suffering from.
  • As you put your child on medications, your child may not prefer swallowing pills every time. Hence, chew-able versions are avaialble.
  • Depending on the situation, your child may have to continue with the medications for a few weeks or may be for a couple of years.

2. Diet Changes:

Another way to control your child’s seizure is through Ketogenic diet. This treatment is suggested when your child does not respond to other treatments.

  • Ketogenic diet is a high fat diet that requires your child to eat four times more calories from proteins or carbohydrates. It should be a small portion of chicken, fruits and butter or cream.
  • Once you make your child follow this diet for couple of years, your child may no longer require any medications.

[ Read: Benefits Of Protein For Kids ]

Your child should be provided with periodical reviews with regard to his or her medicine and treatments. This will assure that the drug does not have any side effect on your child’s body.

Don’t worry as your child is not the only one suffering from epilepsy. Many children’s do face this problem and the good news is that it is curable. See your doctor before taking any medicines.

Do share your experiences and views with us in the comment section below.

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