The term “Gestational Surrogacy” is used to describe when a surrogate mother carries and delivers another couple’s child. Here, the surrogate mother isn’t genetically related to the baby.
Basics Of Gestational Surrogacy:
Due to medical reasons many couples aren’t able to conceive a child of their own. But with this option, they too can experience the gift of parenthood. Most time the surrogate is known to the intended parents.
- Surrogate mothers, apart from being compensated for all medical related expenses, are also paid for maternity clothes, legal, child care, transportation and other costs, by the intended parents.
- Those parents who can’t conceive but do yearn to have children of their own choose a surrogate who is willing to carry and deliver their baby. Once they have made a choice, the process commences.
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Gestational Surrogacy Process:
The gestational surrogate mother agrees to relinquish her parental rights legally, if any also o
- Once this is done, the intended mother is stimulated for IVF with medications to develop multiple eggs.
- On the same hand, the surrogate mother is placed on medication that will suppress her own menstrual cycle and help stimulate the development of a receptive uterine lining that will help in the in-vitro fertilisation.
- When the intended mother’s follicles are mature, her eggs are retrieved from the ovaries and later fertilised with the intended parent’s sperm in a laboratory.
- After 3-5 days, once the embryos are developed, they are later through a process of embryo transfer are placed into the surrogate mothers uterus, where they will be implanted.
- Once the surrogate mother delivers the baby, the invented parents or the “genetically related” parents take the baby home.
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Who Opts For Gestational Surrogacy?
- Woman with medical complications, such as those who have had a hysterectomy but still may have their ovaries intact. With this process she can have her own genetic child.
- Women who have had many miscarriages or have not being successful during the IVF implantation stage.
- Women suffering from medical problems like cardiovascular disorders, or severe kidney problems and diabetes, whose long term health is good but pregnancy would be life threatening.
- Women with Rh incompatibility.
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The Cost Of Gestational Surrogacy:
- Gestational surrogacy is quite an expensive affair. The payment for the surrogate mother is $15000 to $35,000.
- The total cost of the procedure can range between $45,000 to $60,000. And this is excluding legal and any fertility treatments used. In India, it costs lesser due to the low cost treatment and more women opting to be surrogate mothers.
- Unlike in the West where the surrogate isn’t allowed to charge the couple (i.e., the intended parents), in India a surrogate mother can charge anything between 3,00,000 lakhs to 5,00,000 lakhs.
Pros Of Gestational Surrogacy:
- It helps childless couples to have children genetically related to them. Hence many prefer Gestational Surrogacy over adoption.
- The chances of the gestational surrogate mother developing an emotional bond with the baby is less with a Gestational Surrogacy than a traditional surrogacy where the surrogate mother maybe genetically related to the baby.
- Gestational surrogacy is a boon for same sex couples.
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Cons Of Gestational Surrogacy:
- It carries a lot of ethical issues, the extended family of the couple may not be as open towards their idea or the baby since a larger part of the society may still cling on to set perspectives.
- It isn’t legal in all countries. Choosing the right surrogate mother is also tricky work.
- Both intended mother and surrogate mother will need to go through a lot of procedures, some of which can be very painful and discomforting to the surrogate mother.
- The process is quite expensive and not all medical procedures are reimbursed by medical insurances.
Whether you intend to opt for surrogacy or not, we advise you to learn as much as you can about it, before making a decision. Once the process is started there is no looking back, as both parties are legally bound to the contract. In case of any abnormalities in the baby once born, the parents can’t disown it and can be legally charged if they do so.
Hope you found this article informative. Please share your thoughts and experiences with other readers below in the comment section.
Reference : 1
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