7 Serious Causes Of Leaking Amniotic Fluid During Pregnancy

Leaking Amniotic Fluid During Pregnancy

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Are you experiencing vaginal discharge that feels like a small gush? Is this causing an embarrassment to you at your workplace? Well, if you relate to these situations, then reading this post can help you.

Amniotic fluid leakage is one of the most common problems faced by a pregnant woman. If not treated in time, it could pose a major threat to both mother and child. Do you want to know the complications that leaking amniotic fluid can cause in your pregnancy? Then, read on.

What Is Amniotic Fluid?

During pregnancy, the baby is nestled safely in a fluid-filled bag or amniotic sac [1] in the womb. The wall of the amniotic sac has two membranes- the chorion[2] and the amnion [3]. These membranes keep the baby sealed in the bag of amniotic fluid. The amniotic sac generates fluid after two weeks of conception . The amniotic fluid is the life support system of the fetus along with the umbilical cord and placenta.

Functions Of Amniotic Fluid:

The amniotic fluid enables the

baby to breathe and swallow the liquid in the second semester. The amniotic fluid protects the baby from being hurt. The nutrients present in the fluid aid in the development of limbs, muscles, lungs and the digestive system of the baby. They allow the baby to move, turn and kick without hindrance. They protect the baby from infection.

What Is Leaking Amniotic Fluid During Pregnancy?

One of the most commonly ignored problems during pregnancy is the amniotic fluid leak. The bag of the amniotic sac releases water when the amnion ruptures. When this rupture or water break occurs during the labor, it is the Spontaneous Rupture of Membranes (SROM)[4]. However, if the amniotic sac starts leaking in the 37th or 38th week, then it is a Premature Rupture of the Membranes or PROM[5].

[ Read: Water Break During Pregnancy ]

Signs Of Leaking Amniotic Fluid During Pregnancy:

When a premature rupture occurs, it is necessary to determine the cause of leaking fluid.The Amniotic fluid leak , before the baby’s due date, can be due to the following reasons:

  • Infection in the vagina, cervix or uterus.
  • History of premature amniotic rupture.
  • Prior surgeries on the uterus or cervix.
  • Poor prenatal lifestyle habits like poor diet, alcohol, anddrugs.
  • Stress or other psychological issues.
  • An injury, trauma or defect in the amniotic sac.
  • Low levels of amniotic fluid.


Amniotic fluid leak during pregnancy can cause severe complications. Therefore, it is imperative that the expectant mother receives proper treatment. The complications include:

  • Premature leakage of amniotic fluid during the first and second trimester can lead to a miscarriage or a stillborn baby.
  • It can cause problems with how well the baby and his organs develop.
  • Infection can set in if you are not due yet. A mother must receive treatment in order to avoid the infection of the fetus.

[ Read: Amniotic Band Syndrome ]

How To Differentiate Between Leaking Urine and Amniotic Fluid:

Due to lack of accurate methods, urine leakage is often mistaken for an amniotic leak. This false alarm often causes paranoia in the family. Hence, it is important to ascertain the causes of wetness to avoid confusion. Here are ways to differentiate between urine and amniotic fluid leakage.

If the fluid is leaking from the vaginal area, then you have to watch for a continuous flow of fluid. Unlike urine, you cannot control the flow of amniotic fluid. The amniotic fluid will keep leaking, no matter what you do. There may be leakage or one large gush of fluid. Place a pad in your underwear as soon as you realize the leaking. After the fluid soaks in it, take it off to check for the color and smell. If the fluid is colorless and has a sweet smell, then it is amniotic fluid.

[ Read: Urine Leakage During Pregnancy ]

If you are still confused, then consult the doctors as soon as possible to discern the actual nature of the discharge.

Treatment For Premature Amniotic Fluid Leak:

If the amniotic fluid leaks early, before the expected time then you need to visit the local hospital emergency room right away. The doctor will check your temperature, pulse, blood pressure and other tests to rule out the possibility of infection. He will monitor your fluid levels and the baby’s growth.

Make sure you get a routine monitoring of amniotic fluid to avoid premature delivery.

Did you suffer from amniotic fluid leakage during pregnancy? How did you deal with it? Share your experience with other expecting mothers in the comment section below.

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