Blood Infection In Children – Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Blood Infection In Children

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Blood infection, also called as bacterial sepsis, can affect children of any age. It is quite lethal, and even though it is detected early, it can pose a threat to your child.

What Is Blood Infection (Bacterial Sepsis)?

Blood infection is a severe medical condition and it can come unannounced.

  • When there is a bacterial attack in the bloodstream of your child, the body triggers chemicals to fight against these bacteria, which can cause widespread inflammation.
  • Moreover, along with inflammation the sepsis causes blood clotting. This prevents blood circulation in various organs of the body, leading to organ failure.
  • In rare cases, it can cause drastic drop in blood pressure which is called as septic shock. Because of this there can be instantaneous failure of lungs, kidney and heart, causing death.

[ Read: Anemia In Children ]

What Are The Causes Of Blood Infection In Children?

As a matter of fact, anybody can get affected by sepsis or blood infection:

  • When blood comes in contact of any infectious bacteria it can cause sepsis. In this case, even a cut in the knee or a scraped skin can cause sepsis.
  • Moreover, certain serious ailments like appendicitis, meningitis, pneumonia or urinary infection can also cause sepsis.

It is important to know that certain groups of people are more vulnerable of contracting sepsis than others. This group includes the following:

  • Those who have weak immune system and are suffering from HIV/AIDS or cancer
  • New born infants
  • Aged people who have several health ailments
  • People who have diabetes

How To Find Out If Your Child Is Suffering From Sepsis?

There are certain symptoms which might help you determine if your child has developed sepsis. More often than not, the symptoms are quite difficult to detect at an early stage.

Following are the most frequent symptoms of blood infection in children:

  • Difficulty in eating
  • Excessively high fever or very low body temperature
  • Skin which looks pale, patchy or blue
  • Lethargy and listlessness
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Heart beats too fast or too slow
  • Rashes on the body
  • Unable to urinate
  • Vomiting
  • Look confused or cranky
  • In many cases, it is seen that initially, the child suffers from jaundice or pneumonia, and slowly develops sepsis.
  • When your baby is less than 3 months old, you should remember to immediately contact the doctor in case of a high fever.
  • Also, in slightly younger babies, if you see notice they have suddenly become listless and are unable to make any eye contact, you need to immediately call the doctor.

[ Read: Hepatitis In Children ]

How Can Sepsis Be Treated?

In order to confirm whether you baby has sepsis, blood test is mandatory. On the basis of the reports your doctor will decide on the treatment.

  • Most effective solution in this case is giving antibiotics.
  • Some doctors might prefer injection over antibiotics.
  • However, only the doctor can comment on whether the baby should be hospitalized or can be treated at home.
  • In most cases, it is seen that sepsis takes at least one week to heal. During this course, it is of prime importance that the dosage is given to the baby as per the doctor’s instruction.
  • In no case it should happen that the medical course remains incomplete. It is necessary to destroy the bacteria completely in the body so that it does not re-attack.

[ Read: Vitamin D Deficiency In Children ]

How Can You Prevent Your Baby From Contracting Sepsis?

Because of scientific advancement and medical research, now it is possible to keep sepsis at bay.

  • There are vaccinations available which can keep your child free from this dreadful disease.
  • Secondly, if you missed giving your baby vaccination earlier, you can ask your doctor whether your baby can be vaccinated now.
  • Most importantly, whenever your baby is bruised or injured, the wounds should be cleaned properly and covered. If at all you feel any risk of an infection, inform the doctor immediately.

Sepsis is easy to avoid if you are aware, alert, and get your child vaccinated. Also, when such condition occurs medical help should be sought immediately.

We hope you find this information useful. Please share with us if you have better solutions on the subject of how to treat blood infection.

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