Kidney Stones In Children - 3 Causes, 4 Symptoms & 5 Treatments You Should Be Aware Of

kidney stones in children

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Seeing your kid happy will always be your top priority as a parent. One of the essential ingredients for their happiness is of course their health.

It is known that children are prone to illness. Kidney stones is one such problem that children may suffer from. Though it is rare in children and common in adults, you need to be careful and not neglect any minor symptoms.

You need not worry! We are here to give you all required information about kidney stones in children.

What Is Kidney Stone?

Kidney stone is a solid material, which contain insoluble calcium compound. These are formed in the kidney or urinary tract. It can cause pain or block the urinary passage.

What Causes Kidney Stones In Children:

Kidney stones mainly result from diet or the amount of fluid your child takes. Below stated are some of the causes:

  1. Kidney infection
  2. Block in urine passage
  3. Inherited problems

[ Read: Blood Infections In Children ]

Symptoms Of Kidney Stones In Children:

In the initial stages, you may find your child crying inconsolably that you might think is colic. Rather than reeling under the confusion, you must be aware of the common symptoms. Knowing the symptoms will help you ascertain if he is suffering from kidney diseases or not.

Here have a look:

  1. See if your child is complaining of back pain.
  2. Ask if he is experiencing severe and consistent pain.
  3. Vomiting and nausea.
  4. Pain in the groin area when stone passes through the urinary track.

It might be difficult for your young child to explain his problems and may simply complain of tummy pains. In cases of young children, stones are discovered while evaluating a urinary tract infection or after an x-ray has been done.

[ Read: Back Pain In Children ]

Diagnostic Measures:

Presence of blood in urine or sever pain are suggestive of kidney stones. The doctor may advice for a urine test to trace blood that may not be visible to naked eye. Here are some of the diagnostic measures that doctors generally follow:

  1. Diagnosis is performed by checking for stone in the urinary tract or by doing an x-ray.
  2. Diagnosis at times is carried on by capturing stone after passing urine.
  3. While stones can be detected with x-ray of the abdomen, ultrasounds are also suggested at times.
  4. CT scan shows the presence of smallest stone, but exposes your child to severe radiation.

[ Read: Heart Murmur In Kids ]

Treatment Methods:

Once the kidney stone has been detected, doctors begin by helping the child pass the stone by making him drinking plenty of fluids. This helps in flushing it out. Here are some of the treatment options:

  1. In case the child is not able to take much of water because of nausea and vomiting, fluid is given through an IV.
  2. Medicines are also given to reduce the pain.
  3. Doctor might suggest a lithotripsy or surgery when the stone is more than half inch in size.
  4. Lithotripsy sends sound waves that crush the stone, which is then brought down the urinary tract. This is a very safe method and does not damage the kidney in any way.
  5. The child will be put to sleep all through this procedure.

[ Read: Chest Pain In Children ]

Preventive Measures:

Adopting the preventive measures is the best way to prevent formation of the stones. Here is what you can do:

  • Intake of soda water must be limited.
  • Encourage him to drink lots of water.
  • Limit intake of salt in food.

Consult your doctor if your child complains of severe tummy pains. Let your doctor help you through the process.

If you know any other preventive measures or treatment for children with kidney stones, do share with us. Your experiences may help others.

References : 1 , 2

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