10 Important Functions Of Placenta During Pregnancy

Placenta During Pregnancy

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The placenta happens to be a useful organ, which plays a significant role during pregnancy as it keeps your baby in your womb healthy and alive. It is delivered soon after the birth of your newborn and resembles a liver very closely.

Why Is Placenta Important?

The main role of placenta in pregnancy is to provide your baby with enough nutrition. Usually it is found to weigh around one-sixth of your newborn’s weight.

  • It does not have any nerve cells. Nor it is under the direct control of the spinal cord or your brain.
  • Every minute during the pregnancy, almost about 550 milliliters of blood gets pumped into the uterus to exchange enough nutrients with the placenta for your baby.

[ Read: How Common Is Retained Placenta ]

10 Important Functions Of Placenta During Pregnancy:

The placenta performs a vital role in all trimesters of pregnancy and ensures that your baby is delivered safely. It performs an array of functions such as:

1. The placenta mainly functions to supply

adequate nutrition to your baby. Before the blood from you reaches your baby, it travels through the placenta to reach the umbilical cord that connects you with your baby.

2. Yet another important function that the placenta performs is that it acts like the kidney; it filters the blood to eliminate the harmful substances that might be hazardous to the health of your baby.

3. The placenta also serves as baby’s lung and allows the transmission of oxygen to your baby.

4. The placenta brings backs the bio wastes of your baby to the system of circulation of you, which is later discarded from your body through the urine.

5. It saves your baby from probable infections by separating the blood of you from your baby, thus acting like a filter.

6. Many hormones are produced from the placenta in your body with the maximum count of placental lactose that ensures you have enough level of glucose in your blood which enables it to circulate it to your baby.

7. The placenta also breaks down the food particles consumed by you to enable the nutrition to reach your baby faster.

8. It traps the oxygen inhaled by you to diffuse into the blood to help it reach the circulation system of your baby, by passing it through the umbilical cord. This is one among the prominent and important functions that the placenta performs as it prevents the chances that can make your baby from inhaling the amniotic fluids, which can be disastrous.

9. The placenta secretes a vast count of female hormones like progesterone and estrogen to stop probable contractions of the uterus before your baby has reached the full term. It also paves way to prepare the maternal tissues and the uterus for baby’s delivery.

10. During the stages of pregnancy, placenta moves while the womb of you expands and grows. It is the common function of the placenta to stay low in the early stages of pregnancy, but it moves to the top of the womb at later stages of pregnancy to keep the cervix open for delivery.

Factors That Affect Function Of Placenta In Pregnancy:

Though placenta is a robust organ, various factors might affect the state of health of the placenta during the stages of pregnancy, which puts the pregnant mother more prone to mishaps and risks. Though some of these problems can be treated and modified, the modern medical science is yet to find answers for conditions like:

1. Trauma In The Abdomen: Trauma caused to pregnant mother’s abdomen, like a fall or any other kind of blow hurting the abdomen.

2. Blood Clotting Issues: Some medical conditions can hinder the ability of the blood to get clot.

[ Read: Blood Clot In Placenta During Pregnancy ]